About Colombia – Colombia is the northwesternmost country in South America. Colombia borders southern Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru, borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north through the Caribbean Sea, and Panama and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America (after Brazil, Argentina, and Peru), with an area of 1,141,000 square kilometers. The country has a population of about 51 million and the distribution of the population of Colombia is not the same. The capital is Bogata and the official language is Spanish. The currency of Colombia is the Colombian peso. Colombia is also one of the countries with the widest ethnic diversity in South America. .
Geography and climate of Colombia
Colombia has the most physical diversity in its territory compared to other parts of South America. And the snow covers the warm, humid plains of the Amazon River Basin. Most people live in the mountainous third of the country, where Bogota is the capital of Colombia and other major cities. The western third of the country starts from the Pacific coast in the west and goes east with a latitude of 5 degrees north, which includes various forms. In the westernmost part, there is a very narrow and discontinuous part of the Pacific coastline. Behind it lies Colombia’s widest and lowest mountains. Next to that vast and lowland area is Rio Saint-Juan, which replaces the Panama Canal as a route between the Pacific and the Atlantic. The main western Cordillera Occidental is relatively high, reaching a peak of 13,000 feet. There are several snowy peaks in the Central Cordillera, some of which reach 18,000 feet.
weather – About Colombia
Because the western part of the country has a good climate and rich soil, agricultural activities are often carried out in this area. Colombia’s climate is in the category of warm tropical climates. The condition of plants, animals and even its people It all depends on the amount of wind and rain in this country. Of course, it should be noted that although some parts of Colombia have a cold mountainous climate, Colombia is still a tropical country. In most areas, the temperature is The average is 25 degrees Celsius.
Important cities of Colombia
Among the important cities of this country, the following can be mentioned:
Tourism in Colombia – About Colombia
Colombia hosts a festival every day of the year. Often during Colombia’s most famous festivals (such as the Cali Exhibition, the Barranquilla Carnival and the Iberoamerican Theater Festival, as well as the Flower Festival) as well as during Christmas and Colombia’s Independence Day, many tourists Despite the threats posed by the FARC and other guerrilla groups in the country, the number of tourists in Colombia has increased in recent years. Having insurgent groups from major cities and other major neighborhoods are attracting international tourists. According to a 2004 report by the International Tourism Organization, Colombia ranked third in South America in terms of tourist attraction growth between 2000 and 2004.
Here are some of the sights of this country:
Canoe Crystal (River of Five Colors)
Nos Navados National Park
Carnival of Barankila
Immigrating to Colombia
The types of immigration to are divided into several main sections and each applicant needs documents to achieve each of the methods. The Colombian visa will be issued in different types and according to your immigration method. Types of this way These include:
Migration through education
Migration through work
Migration through marriage
Migration through investment and company registration
Given the low cost of living in this country and the ideal investment conditions, the government of this country seriously welcomes foreign and international investors in various sectors for the economic growth of this country, such as:
Trade-in agricultural products
Production for capital and economic growth
It is also the third most populous country in Latin America after Brazil and Mexico. Colombia is one of the most populous countries in Spain and its culture has been recognized by many countries around the world. It is also one of South America’s largest industrialized nations. Colombia is also one of the most ethnically diverse countries in South America. This ethnic diversity is due to immigration to the country in the twentieth century, which has led to an increase in the country’s population. Large cities are one of the main challenges facing the Colombian government. Civil strife dates back to 1964-1966, when the Revolutionary Armed Forces and the Colombian Liberation Army were established and guerrilla warfare between the two groups and the Colombian government began.
The historical origin of the word Colombia
The word Colombia is derived from the name of Christopher Columbus, the discoverer of the Americas. The Latin revolutionary Francisco Miranda first chose the term to refer to the New World (the Americas, especially the Spanish and Portuguese colonies). , Was New Granada and Ecuador. In 1830, when Venezuela and Ecuador seceded from the Cundinamarca region, a new state called New Granada was created. In 1863 New Granada officially changed its name to the United States, and in 1886 it changed its current name to the Republic.
Government and politics
The representative of the government of the Democratic Republic is the President under the 1991 Constitution. The Colombian government is divided into three branches of government: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary, which oversees the functioning of Colombia’s state institutions and electoral institutions. They are in charge of controlling the areas.
Colombian Presidential Palace
The Colombian National Congress represents the country’s legislature, which consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Colombian judiciary, an independent body, is also represented by the Supreme Court of Justice. The Court of Justice is Colombia’s highest court. The Supreme Court of Justice and the Council of State jointly head the Colombian judiciary.
Colombia’s economy owes its position to the abundance of raw materials, a well-educated population, and a valuable currency. In 1999, for the first time in seven decades, it experienced negative connectivity growth. Colombia’s economy is suffering from low domestic and foreign demand, inadequate budgets, and internal armed conflict. . In 2004 and 2005, inflation in Colombia was below 6 percent. 41.32 percent of Colombia’s exports were products, 28.28 percent oil, 13.17 percent coal, and 6.25 percent coffee. Of course, it is said that drugs are also informally and illegally a major part of Colombia’s exports.