architecture Eiffel Tower

architecture Eiffel Tower

France

architecture Eiffel Tower

architecture Eiffel Tower – The Eiffel Tower is undoubtedly a modern and distinctive structure from the Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance, and Neo-Baroque styles of the 18th and 19th centuries. In fact, this tower is one of the first examples of modern architecture due to the use of iron. It had no specific purpose and was designed and built solely to show the creativity and skill of French architecture to the world. A meaningful structure that had no use. Iron, which had become popular as a building material due to the Industrial Revolution, became the cornerstone of modern architecture; But in 1887 it was used only for supporting structures or in less important buildings such as greenhouses, factories, and stairs. The biggest problem was that the people of that time still did not know how to create beautiful work with new materials and just repeated the historical stone structures. However, the Eiffel Tower completely changed the way new materials were used and dazzled the eye with its completely new and modern structure and appearance. Gustave Eiffel insisted that the elevator be included in the tower, But they had to import it from an American company; Because no French company could meet the quality standards. Due to the escalator, Parisians and visitors could enjoy the view of the city; This was previously only possible with a few balloons. For this reason, the Eiffel Tower was a great example of modern architecture and a democratic structure that was not only accessible to a few wealthy people, and people with different social backgrounds could use and enjoy it.

Gustave Eiffel is a prominent architect and designer of the Eiffel Tower. This person made his name in history after the construction of the Eiffel Tower in the nineteenth century. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel studied at the coles Central University in Paris and has left outstanding works for France in his career. One of his most famous works in France is the Bridges which completes the French rail network. One of these important steps is Garabit.

Biography of Gustav Eiffel
Gustav Eiffel was born in 1832 in Dijon. He began his education at the Polytechnic School and the Central School of Arts and Industrial Production in Paris in the field of iron construction. He became a well-known businessman and consultant. Catherine was Eiffel’s mother, a counselor for her son’s life, help, and guidance. Finally, in 1865, he began working as an independent engineer. Highlights of the famous architect include the Gallery of Machines, the Arc de Duro Bridge in Portugal, the Statue of Liberty in New York, the Dome of the Nice Astronomical Observatory, and the Budapest Railway Station.

architecture Eiffel Tower

Eiffel tower – architecture Eiffel Tower
The original designer of the Eiffel Tower was presented by Koechlin and Nogwire. The original design was a large pillar consisting of four large iron pillars that joined the pillars in the center. Cochlear showed the design to the Eiffel and was opposed by the Eiffel. With the help of their colleagues, they obtained the necessary permits to build the tower. No progress was made on the tower in 1866 until Jules Groy was re-elected President of France. More serious decisions were made regarding the Eiffel Tower after the changes in the French authorities. During the construction of the tower in the Champ de Mars area, with a group of 300 people, the height of the tower was approved to be 300 meters.

Around the Eiffel Tower

There were objections to the construction of the tower at the time, but Eiffel responded to the criticism by saying, “Can anyone think that beauty is not our concern because we are engineers? Or are we not trying to build a beautiful building apart from high strength and durability? Is not adaptation to unwritten conditions of harmony one of the main functions of power? “There is also a special charm to the grandeur of the building that the usual theories of art do not apply to.” Finally, on January 28, 1887, construction of the tower began. In June, the final stages of construction of the Eiffel Tower were completed, and on the day of the French National Day, the tower was unveiled and a media banquet was held on the first floor of the tower. Eiffel’s last architectural work was the design of the Panama Canal locks. He became interested in meteorology at the end of his life and died on December 27, 1923, at his palace in Paris. His body was buried in the family tomb of Levallis Perth Cemetery. Gustave Eiffel is now hailed as one of the most influential figures in the development of science

The Eiffel Tower was originally a symbol of French knowledge and genius
The Eiffel Tower has been a powerful and distinctive symbol of Paris and France for 130 years. Originally built for the 1889 World’s Fair, its tall, bold design impressed the world and was a symbol of French knowledge and ingenuity. In this way, it is more than a symbol and has become a means of expressing the feelings of the people of Paris and the whole of France. This tower can be seen from different parts of Paris and its suburbs and has been the subject of photography, design, filming, etc. since its construction. Is. For this reason, when the Eiffel Tower appears in films, graphic arts, even literature, and poetry, minds subconsciously turn to Paris and France and are somehow considered a famous symbol of France.

architecture Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower in a green space in front of a large pool – architecture Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is also a symbol of the conquest of Paris by German forces in 1940 and the subsequent liberation of Paris in 1944. When Germany conquered Paris, pictures were taken of German soldiers moving on the Champs Elysees, as well as Hitler in front of the Eiffel Tower. Although Hitler’s picture seemed simple and meaningless; It was a symbol of German power over Europe in 1940. The Eiffel Tower is also known as the symbol of Paris’ freedom. On August 24, 1944, while the war was going on, the Paris Fire Brigade hoisted the tricolor flag of the occupied country in the capital, which was considered a heroic act.

Designer of the Eiffel Tower
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was a nineteenth-century structural engineer who became famous for designing and building numerous bridges for the French; Stairs played an important role in completing the French rail network. However, he made history by creating the Eiffel Tower; The tower he designed for the Paris World’s Fair in 1889 and today is a famous symbol of structural engineering and a symbol of the city of Paris. His first projects included the design and construction of bridges along the Lyon-Bordeaux railway. Eiffel even accepted overseas projects, such as the construction of the Church of San Marcos in Chile, where all parts of its steel structure were built and transported to Chile in France. Two important contracts were made in 1875, the construction of a railway station on the line between Vienna and Budapest and the construction of a bridge over the Douro River in Portugal.

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