Asylum China – According to Article 1 of the Federal Law on Refugees, a “refugee” is a person who, due to well-founded fears of persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, belonging to a particular social group or political opinion abroad, Has built on the aforementioned fears can not or does not want the support of the said country. If you consider yourself a refugee, you must apply for asylum in China and receive government support. This article describes how to stay in China as a refugee. Come back, according to Article 12 of the Federal Law on Refugees, you have the right to apply for temporary asylum. Reasonable reasons may be as follows: Dangerous, have you been killed, or have you been unfairly deprived of your liberty?
Asylum conditions in China – Asylum China
China can also be a member of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR) since World Day. On the other hand, in recent years, more refugees from different parts of the world have applied for asylum, even more than 10% of the total 300,000 refugees are from the war-torn country of Syria. But more refugees are in Burma (Myanmar), North Korea, India, Japan, Vietnam, and even the United States as of Saturday. But the Chinese people have been very receptive to refugees. Even a poll of more than 94% of Chinese people agree with the refugees and about 50% of the people in their home have welcomed them. Is. The UNHCR carried out the refugee position in China through its logical organs. If you consider yourself a refugee, you should contact the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in China immediately. In the picture, your freedom is limited and you can not go to the Human Rights Commission in China in general; You have the right to submit your application through the head of the institution in which you are located or through your authorized representative. ; You submit your asylum application. The Commissioner for Human Rights in China is obliged to accept your application for asylum only for the purpose of a preliminary hearing, depending on how and for what period of your stay in China, the presence or absence of identification documents.
The situation of refugees in China
According to Article 32 of the Constitution, China declares that it has declared to foreigners that it is my asylum and political residence; Accommodation and asylum are granted. As of July 1, 2013, the Refugee Entry and Exit Act made it possible for refugees to apply for a Chinese ID card for entry and exit for the first time. According to Article 46 of the Chinese Constitution and the entry and exit of foreigners who have applied for asylum in China, asylum seekers received a temporary traffic card in the first place to have their case finally answered. According to the UNHCR, applicants stated that they entered the country on a tourist visa or through a student visa, and then declared asylum, which has recently led to an increase in the number of cases they have responded to. It will be very limited.
Refugees in China are divided into several groups, which are referred to:
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is one of the top ten countries in the world in the field of refugee reception, recognized by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and still hosts many refugees. In the late 1970s, China was about 260,000. He accepted refugees fleeing Vietnam to China and settled them in southern China. Many Indian and Chinese refugees were ethnic Chinese. According to the UNHCR, Indian and Chinese refugees and their children are supported by the Chinese government.
China’s non-Hindu refugees – Asylum China
Apart from Indian and Chinese refugees, China attracted a number of refugees before the mid-1990s.
The flow of displaced foreign nationals from neighboring countries
A large influx of displaced foreigners from neighboring countries such as North Korea and Burma (Myanmar) entered China, but the Chinese government does not recognize them as refugees. Are known as illegal economic migrants. More than 30,000 KOKANG refugees, displaced by armed conflict in Burma, flocked to China in 2009. The Chinese government camped there And provided them with other humanitarian facilities. However, the Chinese authorities do not recognize them as refugees.
Existing asylum laws in China
In December 1982, China acceded to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. There is an article in the law on the entry and exit of refugees. The following will refer to the existing laws on asylum in China.
Article 32 of the Chinese Constitution
Article 32 of the Chinese Constitution explicitly states that asylum in China may be granted to foreign nationals who apply for political reasons.
Entry and Exit Law of 2012
The PRC Act was passed in the field of entry and exit law, which replaced the previous entry and exit law of Chinese government citizens and foreigners. On July 1, 2013, China’s new entry and exit law allowed refugees to obtain ID cards. 46 Entry and Exit Laws Foreigners applying for asylum in China reside in China during the screening process. Article 46 is a positive step in providing a legal framework for refugees living in China. The fact that refugees and asylum seekers have the right to have an identity card strengthens the future of Chinese refugees in enjoying Chinese rights such as labor and education rights.
Draft Asylum Law
Efforts to establish a comprehensive asylum law began in 1990. In 2012, draft regulations on the status and administration of refugees were drafted by central government officials, which, if approved, could define a definition of asylum and competent asylum officials. Provided refugee status, temporary residence, and refugee return.
Refugee Asylum Issues
Although an article in the law of entry and exit specifically addresses the issue of asylum, refugees and asylum seekers are subject to other laws on foreigners and statelessness referred to in other laws.
Refugee reception and asylum transfer systems
With the exception of Article 46 of the Entry and Exit Act, there is no specific law on asylum in Chinese law, and no competent authority on refugee matters is explicitly designated in Chinese law to deal with asylum. The Ministry of Public Security must be responsible for recognizing the refugee status and return of migrants, and the Ministry of Civil Affairs must address the issue of refugee accommodation. However, no law in China explicitly recognizes them as competent authorities. In practice, the registration and status of non-Indian and Chinese refugees are generally handled by the Beijing Office (UNHCR). To stay in the country temporarily until the UNHCR seeks a lasting solution.