Basilica Cistern Attractions
Basilica Cistern Attractions – It is one of the oldest buildings in the beautiful city of Istanbul, which is 1500 years old. You may be surprised to see or hear the antiquity of this old building and you may not believe it, but this date is completely correct and you will be even more surprised to see this building. Because it still has solid marble foundations and now it does not intend to collapse. Its strong appearance is esoteric as if it is trying to survive.
Istanbul Basilica Cistern Reservoir has fought many natural disasters, witnessed many eras, and gone through many wars to show its greatness to the tourists of Istanbul tour. It is possible that this historical monument, which is also one of the recreational and tourist centers of Istanbul, will continue to exist for another 1000 years.
Where is the Basilica Cistern Istanbul Reservoir located?
The attractive Basilica Cistern Attractions Reservoir in Istanbul was built during the Byzantine period on the southwestern side of the Hagia Sophia. This historical reservoir was the most important and largest source of water supply for the people of Turkey at that time. This old abandoned building, which has now become a tourist attraction, is able to hold 80,000 cubic meters of water and people are comfortable with their drinking water supply.
The historic Basilica Cistern Istanbul Reservoir has 336 marble columns with a height of 9 meters, which are arranged in 12 rows in a regular manner. Seeing this warehouse and walking in it, you will notice its coolness and this coolness of the air will make your life. The statue of Sir Medusa (one of the myths of ancient Greece) was used inside the building according to the request of King Justinian I, which added to the beauty and artistic arrangement of this reservoir.
Basilica Cistern Istanbul Reservoir
The roof and architecture of the attractive Basilica Cistern Attractions Reservoir in Istanbul
One of Medusa’s head sculptures is placed upside down under one of the columns and the other bears the other column horizontally. The use of Medusa heads is used to better support the columns, this way the interior architecture of this reservoir is different from other historical buildings. After the conquest of Constantinople, the Ottomans closed the Basilica reservoir in 1453 AD, and after that, due to the negligence of the rulers and officials of the reservoir, it now needs to be rebuilt and restored.
Historic basilica reservoir, Ottoman-era garbage dump
During the Ottoman period, the Basilica Reservoir was turned into a garbage dump and no one sympathized with this ancient building. A century later, in 1545, a scientist named Peter Julius researched the reservoir and asked for the attention of the government of that time. Had. But it did not succeed and the reservoir remained a garbage dump. After several hundred years, this building came to the attention of the authorities in 1980 and they decided to clean, peel and renovate this historical place.
The Basilica is now very famous and popular, and tourists from all over the world come together to visit it and marvel at the creative minds of the various designs and drawings of the architects of 1500 years ago. Today, for the welfare of tourists, the Istanbul tour is built around the ancient building Basilica, restaurants, coffee shops, and many hotels in Istanbul, so that after tourists visit this magnificent and huge building, they get tired and want food.
Basilica Reservoir was built by order of the Byzantine emperor “Zostinin I” in 532 AD, and note that this reservoir is about 138 meters long and 6.64 meters wide and occupies an area of about 1000 square meters.
This reservoir is capable of holding 80,000 cubic meters of water; It should be noted that a lot of effort has been put into the construction of this historic building, 336 9-meter marble columns that are placed in 12 rows of 28 columns at a distance of 9.4 meters from each other has strengthened and maintained this structure and that It is said that most of these columns are made from recycled materials from very old buildings (in a process called spoliation, meaning looting) and the remaining materials from the construction of an important attraction such as “Hagia Sophia” from different parts of the Byzantine Empire to Constantinople. It was reported that the recycling of the columns was done in order to save money or increase the credibility of the reservoir.
The most notable example of this recycling was the re-use of the famous sculpture of the head of Medusa as the base of the columns on the northwest side of the reservoir, and according to tradition one of these heads was reversed. And another is placed on the side of the ground to counteract the deadly gaze of Medusa, and with these descriptions, the truth is that this is how it was positioned to achieve the proper size for the columns, which is more likely and noted.
This reservoir is called the Basilica Reservoir because it was located just below the site of what was once a Roman basilica (meaning a large, open, public building where commercial and legal transactions took place).
The important point of this reservoir is that the public believed that this basilica was built around the third or fourth century BC and just after Constantinople was destroyed in the revolts of Nicaea (532 AD). Reconstruction of the Basilica Reservoir was on the agenda of the Emperor Justinian Reconstruction Project, and unlike the Reservoir, the Basilica itself is no longer standing today.
Introduction to Basilica Istanbul Reservoir
Basilica Cistern, which means “Basilica Cister” in English and “Yerebatan Sarnıcı” in Turkish, means a reservoir sunk in the ground, located just 150 meters southwest of Hagia Sophia, and it is important to know that it is one of the magnificent buildings.
And is considered ancient and popular in the city of Istanbul, and hundreds of ancient reservoirs are hidden under the city of Istanbul, which in the distant past was a source of water supply and supply for citizens who lived in these areas, and the largest of these buildings is the Basilica Reservoir.
It is said that this reservoir is so fascinating and astonishing that it is definitely confused with a sacred underground temple when it is seen subconsciously.
Furthermore, the name of this great and historical crypt is taken from a church that once belonged to them and was once located on the first hill of the city of Constantinople, and it is good to know that the basilica literally means “place of worship” and in Historical texts refer to the great churches of the Roman Empire, which you will understand by visiting this magnificent attraction.
If we want to explain this name more clearly, it means that “cistern” means water reservoir or crypt, in general, the word “basilica cistern” in the word can be synonymous with the church reservoir, which is actually used as a building. It also has the same role.
In addition, this historical attraction is actually the church crypt, which was built in the 6th century AD and is the source of water for the palace and important buildings of Constantinople, Istanbul. Of course, the charm of the Basilica does not end here. Inside this 1500-year-old and vast crypt, you will encounter 336 giant columns that have kept the roof of the crypt from falling, which will surely amaze you with all its grandeur.
Dear ones, with the wheel that you ride in this place, when you walk side by side with the columns and corridors of this mysterious crypt, a strange subject attracts your attention, and those columns with their heads are opposite Medusa! It is important to know that Medusa was one of the mythological figures of ancient Rome, whose presence in this beautiful reservoir confirms the Byzantine identity of the builders of Basilica Cistern and that today Basilica Cistern Attractions is under the supervision of one of the cultural organizations of Istanbul Municipality.
Turkey is governed and its doors are open as an attractive and spectacular museum to all people, especially tourists, and it is interesting that this historical attraction has hosted many national and international events in this country. It is also one of the tourist attractions of Istanbul.