Bastille Day France
Bastille Day France – Bastille Day is one of the national holidays of France, where many public events such as the military parade in Paris, dancing, and mass fireworks are held. (Le 14 Juillet) The French people say they witness large public festivities, including military and civilian parades, music performances, catering, dancing, and stunning fireworks displays. On the morning of this day, a large military parade is held in Paris, in which forces from various units, from students of the officer corps to the French Navy and Foreign Legion, take part in the parade; The Paris Fire Brigade arrives at the end of the parade, with a military plane flying overhead during the parade. The French president will also inaugurate the parade, which will be attended by soldiers and thousands of people. Some also spend their day with family and friends on picnics and meals.
But where does the name and history of this day come from? The Bastille is the name of a medieval prison and castle in Paris. Many French people refer to this castle as the harsh laws of the Bourbon dynasty in the late eighteenth century. On July 14, 1789, the revolutionaries attacked the Bastille. This move was an important beginning of the French Revolution, and the conquest of this prison shook the absolute power of Louis XVI. On July 14, 1790, the “Festival of the Federation” was held, a way to celebrate the establishment of the constitutional monarchy in France. Then, on July 14, 1879, the festivities took on a more formal form, which included a military ceremony at Longchamp and celebrations throughout the country. In 1880, a politician named Benjamin Raspail proposed that July 14 be considered an official French holiday. The law was passed the same year, and Bastille Day was first declared a public holiday in 1880. Since then, except during World War II, Bastille Day has been an official holiday. On the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution in 1989, a special ceremony was organized for Bastille Day.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris and the French tricolor flag are important symbols of Bastille Day. The flag consists of three vertical stripes of equal width, which are placed in blue, white, and red colors. These colors are used to decorate Bastille Day in the streets and can be seen on the ribbons of flags and banners. People sometimes wear clothes with these colors or paint their faces in the shape of the French flag. It should be noted that banks, post offices, and many companies are closed on this day. You may also find restaurants and cafes outside of tourist areas closed. But bakeries and some shops are open, especially at airports and train stations and major highways. Public transportation services on this day are different in each region and depend on the programs implemented; For example, many streets in urban and rural centers are blocked for parades and other large events.
Bastille Day in France – Bastille Day France
Since 1918, the Bastille Day military parade has taken place on Champs Elysees, from the Arc de Triomphe to Concorde Square. This popular event is broadcast on French television and is the oldest and largest regular military parade in Europe. In some years, outside groups also take part in the parade, and foreign politicians attend the event as guests. Smaller parades take place in French military cities such as Toulon and Belfort with local troops. Of course, Bastille Day is celebrated in all French communities around the world; From the United States in Milwaukee, Minneapolis, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle to French culture festivals in Franschhoek, South Africa, and Hungary.
French National Day Background
During the reign of Louis XVI in France, whispers of discontent among the court and the aristocracy of that period rose and the French people, especially the inhabitants of Paris, began to publicly express their dissatisfaction with the government of the time. Meanwhile, Louis XVI decides that the Minister of Finance dismissed himself as a supporter of the third-social class of the time (the common people, farmers, businessmen, various classes, merchants, and artisans) and a believer in equality and justice. And the superiority of the government was counted, and most of the arms and ammunition of the government were stored there, they attacked and occupied the Bastille prison. This event was the turning point of the French Revolution. A year later, on the same day, a large celebration and festival were held throughout the country to commemorate the French Revolution, which was named National Celebration Day. Until 1880, when there were three revolutions in France, this day was celebrated informally every few years. Until July 6, 1880, this day was officially chosen as the French National Day (Bastille Day or Public Day).
Celebrations and rituals of the French National Day – Bastille Day France
From the very beginning of the selection of this day as National Day, the main emphasis of the organizers of the celebration was on the official parade, which is held in a specific direction in Paris and front of the then President and other French government and military leaders. At the same time as this official parade, parades are held in some cities and provinces of France. Every city or community in France has its celebration, which usually begins with a parade on the evening of July 13th. All the participants in the parade hold torches and chant the slogan “Long live France.” The next day, the military parade begins with the ringing of church bells or the official firing of guns. Afterward, lunch is spent on National Day, and then people are entertained with various games and entertainment. At the end of the day, the ceremony ends with dancing and fireworks. Bastille Day is one of the official holidays in France. Schools, government offices, and banks are closed on this day, but restaurants and bars are open to the public until the last hours of the festival. Depending on the city or region, the parade may not take place on the evening of July 13 and the ceremony starts on the morning of July 14. It should be July. But for cities like Paris, where the ceremony begins in the evening of the previous day, it is practically possible for people to dance and dance for two days in a row. France.