Christmas customs in Belarus
Christmas customs in Belarus – Christmas in Belarus, similar to Christmas in Albania, is often the second most popular New Year’s Eve holiday in Soviet times when ideology called for the abandonment of “Western” and religious holidays. However, Belarus has a historical connection with Christmas, and the event has become more popular. Even if the New Year is a bigger holiday, there are many Christmas-like rituals and customs in other Eastern European countries on the eve of January 1st.
Idolatry and Christianity
Before Christianity, the darkest period of the year was associated with the Winter Revolution, and in Belarus, two weeks were devoted to this time, a period called Kalayadi. These traditions are somewhat remembered, although Christianity eventually replaced idolatry. Members of the Orthodox Church celebrate Christmas on January 7, while Protestants and Catholics celebrate on December 25. The customs of Questia or Christmas Eve are similar to those of neighboring countries. The table may be spread with hay before setting the table, reminiscent of alfalfa filled in the manger of Jesus’ birthplace. Traditionally, Christmas Eve dinners are served without meat and include at least 12 fish, mushroom, and vegetable dishes. The number 12 indicates the 12 messengers. The bread is broken between family members until it is cut with a knife, and after dinner, the table remains as it is so that the ancestral spirits can eat at night.
Caroling – Christmas customs in Belarus
Caroling is also part of the Belarusian Christmas tradition. Like other countries, this tradition is rooted in old and idolatrous traditions, when sewing machine groups dress up as scary animals and animals to scare away evil spirits and raise money or food for their services. Today, it is usually only children who do the work, although this is not even common now.
New Year and Christmas – Christmas customs in Belarus
Many of the traditions that serve as New Year’s traditions in Belarus serve as Christmas traditions elsewhere. For example, the New Year tree is essentially a Christmas tree decorated for different holidays. Depending on the family tradition, people may exchange gifts for New Year instead of Christmas. Those who do not celebrate Christmas Eve eat a large New Year’s Eve dinner instead. In addition, cities in Belarus, such as Minsk, host New Year’s concerts and performances, although these are non-religious. People from neighboring countries, especially Russia, flock to Belarus to escape crowded cities and enjoy low prices. Interestingly, the opposite is true for Belarusians, who are looking to neighboring countries for their Christmas and New Year holidays. And, because of the close historical ties between Belarus and countries such as Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Russia, Belarusians may have family ties in these countries.
Minsk Christmas Market
Christmas markets in Minsk appear on Kastrychnitskaya Square and near the Sports Palace. These markets welcome both Christmas and New Year with food, gifts, and opportunities to meet Grandpa Frost. Belarusian artisans sell traditional handicrafts such as straw ornaments, wooden sculptures, woven linen textiles, ceramics, felt boots, and more.
Christmas gifts for children and adults
The most spectacular ritual that began with the beginning of Christmas was the surprise ceremony, which was a theatrical performance accompanied by the singing of songs – wishes, and greatness to the owners. Typically, Carols are performed on Christmas Eve, St. Basil’s Day, the day of the epic. In Russian carols, as a rule, it was intended for the whole family.
Every day means Christmas time
Traditionally, Christmas time was divided into two parts – “Holy Evenings” – from Christmas to Vasiliev Sunset and “Scary Evenings” – from Night to New Year (Old) to EpiphaEven though the whole Holy Age was considered by the people to be “without the cross,” that is, when Jesus was just born, he had not yet been baptized, a rumor of evil spirits accompanied exactly “terrible ages,” which in The corresponding name was displayed.
Christmas time was full of different kinds of rituals
Christmas time was full of different kinds of rituals, magical acts, prohibition ns, and fortune-telling. With their help, they tried to find happiness for the whole year, to find their destiny, to appease the “parents” – the deceased ancestors, to protect them from evil spirits.
However, it turns out that every day of Christmas has its meaning:
January 6 – Christmas Eve (koutneik), Christmas Eve – In the evening they inspire and perform various magical acts.
January 8 – Farna Baba – Midwifery and Midwifery Holiday – Visits midwives in Kork Province and brings them a variety of foods, after which it was customary to wrap them from evening to morning, the same day as the Prophet. They asked for help and support. David – musician and humorous anger.
January 11 – Day of Remembrance of the Infants Beaten to King Herod in Bethlehem – From that day until January 19, women were banned from playing cards, otherwise “chickens draw cucumbers”.
January 12 – Anishia – ventricle – on a pig’s stomach, on a goose liver and spleen Surprised about winter – “If the liver and spleen are very swollen, the winter will be hot and cloudy, with frequent rains, if thin, wait Until the winter is clear and icy “…
January 13 – The day of Malaysia or Washelif – was December 31 and it was Nowruz – on this day all the families were preparing for the New Year – “Wizards steal a month from Vasili” – “If the wind blows from the night “It will be a warm and prosperous year, from the west – plenty of milk and fish, from the east – wait for the harvest and fruit” …
January 14 – Basil the Great – The patron saint of pigs – According to the old calendar, this day fell on January 1, ie. For the new year
January 15 – Sylvester Day – Chicken Feast – They did not eat eggs and chicken on this day – They hung a “chicken god” on a broiler – In the south, a black stone with a hole in the midway due was called a chicken god ( The hole should be natural). In Moscow province, an ordinary shoe played the role of the chicken god – he hung on the wall in a chicken coop to settle the relationship between a brown man and a chicken, which he did not like much. On the same day, the sisters, a limanook, began to speak, the daughters of King Herod, who sent all imaginable misfortunes to the people.
January 16 – Prophet Maliki – “Hungry witches call the cow for the death of the Prophet Maliki …” – “Sweep the house with brooms in Malachi” – On this day impure forces can attack a person with a certain bitterness – All The corners of the house were recorded with the oldest broom (from inside). And outside) to protect against all evil spirits. He asked the house for help: “Grandpa – housewife, drink and feed my cow, love, be careful, but drive smoothly” …
January 17 – On this and the next day, women are banned from sewing – it was believed that a blind child would be born at that time …
January 18 – Epic evening, on the eve of the Last Supper, the second night of Christmas – the main day of Christmas – on the eve of the plaster of the tabernacles painted on the walls, doors, ceilings – collecting snow to whiten canvases and wash – at midnight We went to the river for water, it was believed that this water would not be bad for a long time …
January 19 – Epic, Caliph – “The sky opens on Epiphany night.” “Baptism – forgiveness with saints” …