Cities of Oman
Cities of Oman – Muscat, the capital of Oman and the most important city in the country politically and economically, is under the rule of Sultan Qaboos bin Saeed and has a constitutional government, this royal capital, the largest city in Oman and the capital of the province Muscat and about 800 thousand people live in this city, the meaning of the word Muscat in Arabic is the place of the fall and in the nineteenth century, Greek writers and others in the concept of navigation of the city mentioned its name, meaning that Muscat meant the anchoring of ships or the anchoring of its anchor. Some linguists also say that the word Muscat is derived from the ancient Persian word “Meshkat” meaning “pungent smell”. It is interesting to know that Muscat is more than 900 years old and Founded in the twelfth century, the city’s economy is based on trade, various industries, carpentry, and fishing. In this city, people are engaged in jobs such as gold and silver making and handicrafts, and through this, they make a living. When traveling to Muscat, be sure to try Omani or Muscat halva, which is very famous and delicious. Muscat is a coastal city that During your trip to this city, you will see fishing along its coast, and this is because the coastal people of Muscat are all fishermen, and they have created a modern village on the coast of Muscat for these people, which is called Saab, and they can easily They are engaged in fishing and it is interesting to know that the Omani government has provided the houses of this village to the fishermen completely free of charge.
In Muscat, you can visit many tourist attractions that are among the best tourist attractions in Oman. There are many historical places in this city, the best of which are Jalali Castle, Mirani Castle, Baladah Al-Sifa, Divar. Muscat, Houses of Art, Al-Khairan, Bandar Roza Maritime Club, Oman Diving Club, Al-Bustan Beach, Qantab Beach, Al-Jassa Beach, Oman Museum, Oman and France Museum, Al-Zubayr House Museum, Omani Banknote, and Coin Museum and Muscat are very popular tourist attractions. We can mention Beit Jariza, Beit Franca, Beit Maghb, Beit Al-Sayed Nader, and Beit Al-Kharijieh.
Salalah city of Oman
Another city of Oman is Salalah city or Salalah province which is the largest city and center of Dhofar province in Oman. Salalah city is one of the ports of Oman and consists of a dry mountainous area in the north and a forest and coast in the south. The US military has recently signed an agreement in Oman to use the two ports of Daqqam and Salalah. It is interesting to know that the Reysut power plant was built and built-in this city about 20 years ago by Magna Company, after Muscat, Salalah is the second-largest city in Oman with a population of about 350,000 in addition to the suburbs. The city of Salalah is very important to the Omani people because it is the birthplace of Sultan Qaboos bin Saeed and he mostly lives in this city.
If you are planning to travel to Oman and the city of Salalah, it is better to travel to this city in the fall so that you can participate in the Salalah Autumn Festival. This festival is held every autumn in this city. It is good to know that this city is the center of activity. Social, political, cultural, economic and tourism of Oman and many travelers and tourists from all over Oman and the Persian Gulf countries come to participate in this festival, at this time the climate of Salalah is very favorable and You will see monsoon rains and greenery all over the city, in the coastal strip of the city, is full of coconut and banana trees that have made this beautiful city more beautiful, this city is also religiously important because the tomb of Imran Nabi, the father of Maryam It is sacred and is located in Salalah. It is interesting to know that his grave is the tallest grave in the world, which is 30 meters long.
Another good city of Oman for traveling to Bushehr is located in the province of Muscat and on a trip to Muscat you can easily visit this city, Bushehr is located in the southwest between the mountain and the sea and itself is a city and many villages. Bushehr is one of the ancient cities of Oman, which dates back to the second millennium BC. In this city, there are several historical castles that are among the historical attractions of this region and a document on the historical antiquity of this region. To be.
The population of Bushehr until 2010 was about 200,000 people and the people of this city are all Arabs and Sunnis and supporters of the Maliki sect, and most of them are farmers and cultivate their crops with the water of the “Al-Aflaj” aqueduct.
The city of Bahla is one of the most beautiful cities in Oman, which is located in the interior province of Oman, and it is good to know that this city, like Bushehr, is very old and was built before the advent of Islam in this land and has many historical monuments to see. It is one of the most tourist cities in Oman with less than 52,000 people living in it.
The city of Khasab is located in the province of Musandam in the Kingdom of Oman. This city is one of the closest cities to Oman in the neighborhood of Iran, which is located on the shores of the Strait of Hormuz and one hundred kilometers from Ras al-Khaimah. Khasab has a population of 17,000. The Maliki sect is Sunni and engaged in fishing. It is good to know that the economy of Khasab city is based on jobs such as fishing and shipbuilding. Also, the smuggling of goods to and from Iran to this city is very common. In recent years, tourism activities. It has grown well in this city, it is interesting to know that the coastal road is the only land route to the Musandam and Khasab peninsula that passes through Ras Al Khaimah in the UAE, this coastal road passes through the city of Baja and then to Khasab and Musandam. arrives.
The city of Khasab has many historical and archeological monuments, the most important of which are the fortress of Khasab, which was built during the reign of Al-Bousaid and was rebuilt in 1990, Al-Kamazra Fortress, Burj Al-Sabah, Kabs Al-Qasr Tower, Old mosques are other historical attractions of this beautiful city, mosques are built in the traditional style of Khasab villages, which is the oldest mosque in the country, be sure to go to Khasb on a trip to Oman and visit this city.
City of relations
Marbut is one of the oldest cities in Oman and Dhofar province and is located 80 km east of Salalah, so if you travel to Salalah, be sure to go to this old city and see its historical attractions, this city from the fourth century AH. It has existed to this day and for this reason, many governments and governments have ruled it. The city has a population of about 12 thousand people and among its historical attractions, we can mention the tombs of three former rulers of this city. , The tomb of Zuhairain in the south of Marbat, on the beach, the tomb of Sayyid Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Alavi and the tomb of Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ali al-Qalai, who died in 577 AH, chose to travel to the cities of Oman in late winter and early autumn. Make sure the scorching heat of the desert does not bother you.
Cities of Oman The country of Oman is divided into nine administrative units.
Four provinces and five regions
Muscat Governorate and the capital of Oman.
Its population is about 631031 thousand people.
Muscat is located in the southern part of the coast of the northern province of Batinah, between the Gulf of Oman and the Eastern Stone Mountain, and is one of the most important ports of Oman, and perhaps one of the most interesting ports in the world. This port is in the shape of a circular bay, surrounded by dry mountains without any vegetation, with large and shiny rocks, and can hardly be seen from the shore.
Although these mountains surround the port of Muscat like a circular stone wall, they are often separated, and through their distances, you can reach the back of the mountains.
The Protected Area of Muscat and its subdivisions form the heart of Oman, all major government institutions are located in Muscat, Muscat is one of the oldest cities in Oman.
In ancient times, Oman was called the Kingdom of Muscat and Oman. There are several historical castles in the mountains of Muscat, the most famous of which are Mirani Castle and Jalali Castle.
Province of Musandam
The province of Musandam is the name of a peninsula in the northern part of Oman.
The coastline of the United Arab Emirates, 70 km from Musandam province, separates it from Oman.
The area of Musandam is about 15,000 square kilometers. This province has mountainous faces. The height of Musandam mountains from 1800 to 2300 meters above sea level.
These mountains are connected to the Hajr mountain range, the Hajr mountain range from Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah to the kingdom of Oman. The distance from Musandam province to Muscat (the capital of Oman) is about 500 km. Musandam province is located in the northern part of the Oman kingdom.
Musandam is located in the south of the Strait of Hormuz and the water depth of the Strait of Hormuz in front of Musandam is 180 meters. The northern part of Musandam, known as Ras Rasandam, is located above the important waterway of the Strait of Hormuz. The Strait of Hormuz is one of the most important straits in the world.
Ras Musandam has a special position due to its location above the global waterway of the Strait of Hormuz. The height of Musandam peak above the Strait of Hormuz is 1800 meters above sea level.
Ras Musandam and as it is known, not all the waters of the Persian Gulf can be navigated, and the only navigable route for oil tankers and exit from the Strait of Hormuz passes through Ras Musandam, because this route is known as the deepest route for tankers, and about 90 ٪ Persian Gulf oil goes through this passage to the countries of the world.
According to the statistics of 2003, the population of Musandam province is 20,380 people. According to the 2005 General Population and Housing Census, the population of Musandam Province was 28,378.
Dhofar Province is one of the most important provinces of the Kingdom of Oman.
In ancient times
Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan travelogue, states
“We left Kelva, which is one of the ports of Zangiyan, by air ship and set off for Dhofar, which is the last land of Yemen and is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean. From there, greyhounds are transported to India and spent a month at sea They arrive in India.
He himself has been pilgriming for twenty-eight days from the city of Calicut, which is one of the ports of India, but the wind was meant every night and the wind was not helpful for days. Dhofar is also called “Dhofar al-Mahwas”. From there it will be a month to Aden by desert and on land. And from there they go to Hadramaut for sixteen days and to Oman for twenty days.
The city of Dhofar is located in the desert tomorrow and an out-of-town market has been set up in the suburbs known as “Kharja” and is one of the dirtiest markets in the region. Due to the abundance of fish and dates, there are much fish known as sardines, and those fish are very oily and feed their cattle instead. It has not been seen like this elsewhere.
Most of the sellers are black slaves and they are dressed in black. Most of the locals’ crops are corn. Aquarius A slave is responsible for draining it into the “pool” pond and irrigating their crops. They have a type of wheat called al-als.
The population lives there from fish trade and agriculture.
Today, Dhofar Province is one of the most beautiful provinces of the Kingdom of Oman, and has been successful in marketing and tourism and introducing itself as the most important tourist attraction in the Arabian Peninsula.
Especially in the 7th and 8th months of the year, when the annual Dhofar and Salalah Festival, known as the Salalah Autumn Festival (Mehrjan Kharaf Salalah), is held in this coastal city, Salalah, the capital of Dhofar province, is the center of social, political, cultural, economic and tourism activities in Oman. is included in.
Dhofar has had a separate government in the past but has been ruled by Yemeni rulers. In 1829, Sultan Saeed, Sultan of Muscat and Oman, tried to influence Dhofar but failed. However, in 1879, Dhofar joined Muscat.
The fourth Omani war was fought in Dhofar. This war started in 1965 and ended in 1975.
Dhofar is located in the south of Oman and is one of the main entrances to Muscat.
Dhofar province covers an area of 99,300 square kilometers and has a population of 215,960 according to the 2003 census. The capital of Dhofar is the city of Salalah, which is located by the sea.
Dhofar has historically been the main source and major exporter of frankincense to the world, but today Somalia has taken on this role.
About the area of Dhofar in the book: “Tahfa al-Nazar fi Gharaib al-Amsar wa Ajaib al-Asfar” Ibn Battuta Moroccan states: In the west of Oman and Muscat are high mountains along the north to south and that area by that mountain from the Saudi desert, Umm al-Khali and It should be separated on the Arabian Peninsula and the valleys on its slopes should be suitable for agriculture. It is inhabited by diverse people and is under the Emirates of Muscat and is accessible through several straits off the coast of Oman.
Dhofar is located 1100 km southwest of the Omani capital Muscat. It is bounded on the north by Saudi Arabia, on the south by the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, on the west by Yemen, and on the east by the Jeddah al-Harasis desert of Oman.
In autumn, it rains monsoon and the temperature at this time of year is less than 15 degrees Celsius, while in all regions of the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf countries, the temperature reaches 40 to 45 degrees Celsius.
Salalah city, the capital of Dhofar province, is a port city that consists of two arid mountainous areas in the north, and forest and coastal areas in the south. The vast desert of Jeddah al-Harassis has separated Dhofar geographically from other parts of the country.
There are many natural attractions in Dhofar, such as lush mountains, caves, and sweet springs, lush valleys, dense forests, lush trees, deserts, and sand dunes up to about a quarter of an empty, and the coastline, and tall coconut trees, bananas, and al-Qaabai.
The most famous mountains
One of the most famous mountains of the Oman Kingdom is “Jabal Akhdar“. The height of Jabal Akhdar from the sea level is 9,900 steps. In this mountain, cold fruits and various springs are flowing, steep valleys have been created in this mountain. In the upper part of the mountain, a view of various waterfalls and springs has been created.
Burimi Province is one of the provinces of the Kingdom of Oman. This province is a newly established province.
Its population is about 76,838 thousand people.
Bateneh was the name of a region in Oman.
The inner region was one of the largest and most important regions of the Oman Kingdom and consists of 12 parts.
The Batinah region begins along the coast of the Gulf of Oman and ends at the Mallah Line in the north to Ras al-Hamra in the south, and ends between the ridge of Mount Hajar in the west and the Gulf of Oman in the east.
The width of the inner esophagus is about 25 km. Batinah is one of the most populous and populous areas of the Oman Kingdom.
The population of Bateneh province was about 563,833 according to 2003 statistics. Also, about 88,834 of the functions of foreign countries live in the interior and are engaged in various jobs.
There are also rare trees in the inner region, such as the Maswa tree in the city of Levi and the Dibaj tree in al-Suwayq province.
The most famous handicrafts and esoteric imitations are making daggers, swords, shipbuilding, pottery, tiles and leather and making Omani halva. The esoteric region is important because there are several large and commercial ports and “piers” and the passage area between east and west and the transit of various goods, and has been the center of copper exports from the past to the present. These ports are located on the shores of the Indian Ocean.
Desert in the passage of history
Sohar is one of the parts of the inner region. This city is one of the important centers of the inner region and is 230 km away from Muscat.
This city was the capital of Oman before Islam and during the reign of the kings Jaifar and Abd, the two sons of Al Jalandi. In ancient times, the city of Sohar was one of the most important areas for copper production and export. But after Islam, Sohar loses its status as the capital of the country, but it remains the largest commercial port. It is one of the largest commercial ports in the region at that time, as it competed with the two major ports of that time, Siraf and Basra. Today, the city of Sohar is a prosperous city.
Zahir Province is the name of a province in Arabic in the Kingdom of Oman.
According to 1993 statistics, the population of Zahreh province was 181,000.
This province is located in the northern part of Oman. In ancient times, this region was known as “Tavam” and “Aljoo”. This area consists of a quasi-desert plain located at the western foot of Hajar Mountain and along the Ruba’a Khali desert. The Al-Kour mountain range separates this region from the east from inside Oman.
Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are located in the western part of the region, and the central province is located to the south of Zahir province.
The city of Barimi and the city of Muhaddah and the Khorimeh region are among the tourist areas of this province. The city of Barimi is adjacent to the city of Al-Ain, which is one of the cities in the United Arab Emirates. Al-Ain is located southeast of the city of Barimi.
There are several historical sites in this province, such as: “Hebrew Historical Bazaar”, “Al-Ghassbi Fortress”, “Iraqi Paralysis” (Iraqi Qanat), “Cave of the Book”, “Ditch Castle”, “Hassoun Abul” and “Al-Khasib” can be named.
The inner province is one of the provinces of Oman.
Its population is about 260,872,000.
The interior province is the heart of the Kingdom of Oman.
The lands of this province are mostly large satellite hills that exist in the middle of the land.
This province is limited to the northeastern and southeastern provinces from the east, to the apparent province from the west, to the central province from the south, and to the southern and inner provinces of Muscat and the interior.
Eastern Region is the name of a province in Oman.
Its population is about 66587 thousand people.
The eastern region is located on the inside of Stone Mountain. To the north of this province is the Stone Mountain range, and to the south is Ramal al-Wahiba. But it is bounded on the east by the Arabian Sea, and on the west by the interior.
Cities of Oman
Waste province is the name of a province in Oman.
Its population is about 161,234 thousand people.
The central province is located on the south side of the interior province and the apparent province. It is bounded on the east by the Arabian Sea, and on the west by Saudi Arabia, on the south by Dhofar province, and on the north by the interior province. Therefore, the middle region covers a large area of the country.
The existence of several oil wells has given a special privilege to this province.
Oman tourist attractions
Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque
Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque is one of the main and important mosques of the Kingdom of Oman.
The carpet of Sultan Qaboos Mosque in Muscat, commissioned by Sultan Qaboos, is the work of Iranian artists from Neishabour. The design of this carpet, which has an area of about 5,000 square meters and consists of connecting 48 small and large pieces, is inspired by the plan of the dome of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan and the combination of Shah Abbasi design and other Iranian and Islamic decorative drawings.