Colombia General Information
Colombia General Information – Colombia is the northernmost country in South America, bordered by Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the north by the Caribbean, and Panama and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America after Brazil, Argentina, and Peru. The soil of Colombia has a variety of physical conditions, from the high and snow-capped Andes to the warm, humid plains of the Amazon Basin. Colombia has the second largest population in South America after Brazil. The population distribution is not the same in Colombia. Most Colombians live in the mountainous third of the country, where Colombia’s capital, Bogota, and other major cities are located. Because Colombia has a good climate and rich soil, agricultural activities are often in the area. This article, entitled “Colombia General Information,” provides a more detailed description of the country.
Flag of Colombia
The Colombian flag was first designed by Francisco de Miranda in Haiti as Simon Bolivar was preparing for the independence of the great Colombian Republic. Colombia’s current flag is made up of three colors, yellow, blue, and red, with yellow representing the richness of Colombian gold and blue representing two oceans north and west of Colombia. Red also represents the blood of soldiers who fought for Colombia’s independence. They have fought and been killed and also represent the blood of Christ and the Christian beliefs of the Colombians.
In Colombia, there are three branches of government: the judiciary, the executive, and the legislature, with Colombia at the top of the government structure. The president and vice president are elected together in a general election for a four-year term, and the president is both head of state and head of state. Can be selected in 2 consecutive 4-year terms. District governors, mayors, and other executives are elected for a three-year term and cannot be re-elected immediately. The Colombian Parliament and Council are the Colombian Congress, which consists of 166 seats in the House of Representatives and 102 in the Senate of Colombia. Members of Parliament and the Senate are elected by popular vote for a four-year term. Colombia is also a member of the South American Committee of Nations, and at the same time as members of Congress, district representatives and city consuls are elected. During the 1990s, the Colombian judiciary underwent major reforms and is now shifting from a system of interrogation to a hostile one. In parts of Colombia where coffee is grown, as well as in the city of Bogota, the hostile system is used, and in other parts of the country on January 1, 2006, called for its implementation. At the head of Colombia’s judiciary is the Supreme Court of Justice, whose members are appointed by the president and Congress.
The tourism industry in Colombia
Colombia has a festival every day of the year. Most tourists travel to Colombia during the most popular festivals (such as the Cali Fair, the Barranquilla Carnival, the Iberoamerican Theater Festival, as well as the Flower Festival), as well as most during Christmas and Colombia’s Independence Day celebrations. Despite threats to travel to Colombia due to the FARC and other guerrilla groups in Colombia, the number of tourists in Colombia has increased in recent years, mainly due to the President’s stubborn approach to keeping insurgent groups away from major cities and elsewhere. The main attraction is international tourists. In 2002, with the increase of the military power of the government and the increase of the presence of the police force by the order of the president, the time of security and stability in Colombia increased and these conditions have produced very positive results for the country’s economy. According to the International Tourism Organization, 2004 Colombia ranked third in terms of tourist attraction growth in South America in 2000 and 2004.
Geography of Colombia
Colombia is divided into 32 parts and a central region.
The people of Colombia
According to statistics, most Colombians are Catholic, Hispanic, and Mestizo (European-Indian). About 25 percent of Colombians are of pure European descent and 12 percent are black or a mix of African and European descent. The ancestors of blacks were brought to Colombia to work on the farm as slaves during the period of exploitation, and they played an important role in shaping Colombia’s cultural heritage. About 3 percent of Colombians are black and red, and 5 percent are pure Indian. More than two-thirds of Colombia’s population lives in urban areas, which is above the global average, as well as literacy rates and population growth rates. Colombia has a very young population. About 33 percent of Colombia’s population is 14 years old or younger, but only 4 percent are 65 years old or older.
Colombia Economy – Colombia General Information
After a decade of good economic growth, Colombia went into recession in 1999 and it was very time-consuming and difficult to overcome. Colombia’s economic problems include low domestic and foreign demand, a tight government budget, and intense internal armed conflict. According to the International Monetary Fund’s economic indicators, Colombia’s net domestic output is projected to increase in 2006. Colombia’s main exports are manufactured goods, oil products, coal, and coffee. Colombia is also the largest exporter of turmeric to the United States. Colombia’s total imports, exports, and trade balance are at an all-time high, and the outflow of large amounts of money through exports has led to a revaluation of the Colombian peso. The country’s problems are a wide range of pension, drug, and unemployment systems. The government’s economic policy and national security strategy have created confidence in the economy, and as a result, Colombia’s GDP growth in 2003 was one of the highest in Latin America.
Colombia is the third most populous country in Latin America after Brazil and Mexico. In the middle of the twentieth century, migration from rural to urban areas was high but then declined. The urban population is more than 77% of the total population of the country. Thirty cities in Colombia have a population of 100,000 or more, but not the Eastern Post, which covers about 54% of Colombia’s area, is home to less than 3% of the population, and has a population density of less than one person per Square kilometers. Colombia has a diverse population that reflects the country’s rich history and the people who have lived in the area since ancient times. Among the various major groups that make up Colombia’s current population are European immigrants, Indigenous peoples, African slaves, Asians, Middle Easterners, and other recent immigrants. Many indigenous peoples became hybrids, but the current 700,000 indigenous peoples are from more than 85 different cultures. European immigrants were mostly from the Spanish colony, but a small group came from the Netherlands, Germany, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and a smaller number from Poland, Lithuania, Britain, and Croatia who immigrated during World War II and the Cold War. Africans were brought to Colombia as slaves in the 16th century, especially in the coastal lowlands, and this transition continued into the 19th century. Other Colombian immigrants are from Asia, the Middle East, especially Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, China, Japan, and Korea.
The religion of Colombia
The majority of Colombia’s population is Catholic and the rest are Protestant. Some have declared themselves atheists. 1% believe in the indigenous religion and less than 1% are Buddhists and Muslims.