Cuba health system
Cuba health system – The US government has recently put millions of dollars in funding on the Cuban agenda in order to “maximize the pressure” on the Cuban people. One of the US plans in this regard is to put pressure on governments that are either currently cooperating with Cuba in the field of healthcare or intend to do so. It is also too late for the US government to grant Cuban medical personnel visas and special facilities under a program called “Parole”. The question is unless the Cuban health program and international cooperation What are it that has provoked such a response from the US government? According to one of the principles of the Cuban Health Program, international cooperation in the field of health is a fundamental commitment of the health system and its staff. How did this cooperation manifest itself?
Whitecoat army – Cuba health system
In 1960, in the first year after the victory of the Cuban Revolution following the earthquake in Chile, Fidel Castro sent a team of Cuban doctors and medical personnel to help the country. Since then, Cuban medical aid groups have been dubbed the “White Army.” Since then, Cuba has sent 400,000 medical personnel to 164 countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. In 2017, 50,000 Cuban medical staff were providing services in 67 countries. Cuban medical assistance to deprived nations is often provided completely free of charge, even though the country has been at its worst since the victory of its revolution. Sanctions have been imposed and therefore have the least material resources. However, with the dramatic increase in the number of medical personnel in Cuba and their deployment to various countries, it has become possible to generate significant financial resources for Cuba from this location. To the extent that, in addition to tourism, international health cooperation is now an important source of revenue for revolutionary Cuba.
Latin American Medical School – Cuba health system
Another indicator of Cuba’s humanitarian and international perspective on health is the establishment of the Latin American University of Medical Sciences. Founded in 1999, it is the world’s largest medical university. In 2013, about 20,000 students from 110 countries attended the university. The students admitted to this university are mainly from poor countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Africa. Not only do these students study for free, but they also receive a small stipend from the poor but generous Cuban government! The only obligation of the graduates is to provide free medical services to their nation and other deprived nations for a period of time after completing their studies. It is difficult to consider it eternal and inviolable. However, this is how Cuba has conquered the hearts of altruistic thirsty people around the world.
Another Cuban international health activity is a campaign launched by the Cuban initiative and funded by Venezuela in 2004 to save the eyes and prevent blindness of 6 million people in poor and backward countries. As a result of this campaign, known as “Operation Miracle”, by 2015, 3.5 million people in the most deprived countries exposed to blindness due to acute eye diseases have regained their sight.
Some salient features
Prior to the 1959 revolution, health facilities were concentrated exclusively in major Cuban cities. Nearly half of the doctors and more than 50 percent of the hospital beds were in Havana, the capital. Cuba had only one hospital in rural areas at the time, and 100 out of every 1,000 children born in these areas died! Cuba, which at the beginning of the revolution had only one medical center outside Havana, now has about 500 polyclinics. Each provides care to a population of 20,000 to 60,000. Cuba has the highest life expectancy in Latin America at 79.1 years and the 5th highest in the world. The birth rate is 5 per 1000 births, and this rate is on par with the richest countries in the world. The world average is 42.5 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Cuba invests about 11 percent of its GDP in health. The average in Europe is 10 percent. Cuba, with more than 67 doctors per 10,000 citizens, ranks third in the world after Monaco and Qatar. 98% of Cuban children under the age of 2 are immune They are fully vaccinated and people are vaccinated against 13 types of diseases. Pregnant women receive intensive and ongoing care, and free nursing home services are provided to the needy. Cuban innovation is renowned in the field of medicine. These include the production of lung cancer vaccines, effective and unique drugs for the treatment of meningitis type B, hepatitis B, severe burns, and specific and incurable diseases. Cuba is the first country in the world to eliminate the possibility of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis.
Principles of the Cuban health system
First, maintaining health and access to health care facilities, as a right that should be available to all people completely free of charge, without exception, and without discrimination.
Second: Maintaining the health of all citizens is the responsibility of the government.
Third: Provide integrated disease prevention and treatment services.
Fourth: Measures related to health should be seen in the framework and as an essential element of economic/social development.
Fifth: International cooperation in the field of health is a fundamental commitment of the health system and professionals in this field.
Sixth: Continuous reforms to improve the health system.
What follows is not a description of Cuban government officials’ achievements in the country’s health revolution, but the results of an expert assessment published on the US National Institutes of Health website and the US National Library of Health. A unique healthcare system and the creation of a nationwide network of high-quality primary care. Training of a large and skilled workforce, including physicians, nurses, and other healthcare staff. Maintain, sustain and enhance an indigenous research infrastructure. Control infectious diseases. Meet the emergency needs of poor and backward countries in the field of health. Cuba’s achievements in the field of health have been repeatedly praised by the international community. For example, in 2014, Marguerite Chan praised the Director-General of the World Health Organization of Cuba as a world leader, and this praise not only for the breadth and quality of health care/health care but also for its momentum. Cuba has a high level of research and innovation. A prominent feature of Cuba’s health system is continuous improvement. The health system, in a unique way and in the broadest dimensions – described in a separate note – receives public feedback on its services, and based on this feedback, resolves its problems.