Cuba University Arts
Cuba University Arts – The Cuban National University of the Arts was originally founded by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara and is probably the greatest architectural achievement of the Cuban Revolution, but unfortunately, the idealistic fervor of the Cuban people only lasted for a short time and the university quickly The creative design of the colleges, which was pursued to bring cultural literacy to the society, shows the ideal and fundamental image of the Cuban revolution. Unfortunately, the idealistic passion of the Cuban people only lasted for a short time. Speed was neglected. Schools were abandoned for decades without ever being completed. Today, nearly forty years after the abandonment of the work, the architects returned to the building to return the half-abandoned schools to their heyday. The symbol of wealth and capitalism was transformed into a free educational institution. Castro commissioned a Cuban modernist architect, Ricardo Puro, to build the university, followed by two Italian architects, Roberto Gottardi and Vittorio Garati. They joined and had about two months to lay the groundwork for the university.
Architects had to be guided by three general principles; First, to integrate colleges with forests and diverse environmental features. Second, to use local bricks and clay tiles, just like the US Embassy building in Cuba, and to use pottery from imported materials such as cement and cheap steel. And third, to use the Catalan (Spanish) arch as a prominent element in their architecture, which is a unique form and also in clear contradiction with the international geometric architecture of capitalism. All five faculties were built and included The School of Modern Dance featured visual arts, dramatic arts, music, and ballet. The music school was a 330-meter spiral structure that followed the river bank and used the Catalan arch space, two spacious concert halls, and a rehearsal hall. The dome was between winding paths that enhanced the chances of encountering other parts of the complex. The Dance School offers a dynamic mix of streets and non-linear courtyards. It starts from a central square and is covered with broken pieces of glass that symbolized the crushing of the previous regime. The school had a distinctive design style from the School of Visual Arts, which has benefited from its Cuban-African heritage and the use of primitive village structures, oval pavilions in various dimensions, and a row of columns under a curved canopy. Are also connected.
The School of Dramatic Arts is the only school designed by Roberto Gotthard, consisting of a prominent central amphitheater and inward-facing cellular classrooms that create a homely environment, while the outdoor space, with only an unobstructed alleyway, has a way out without a canopy and has given the space a trench-like appearance. The enthusiasm that spawned the construction of the university waned during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. The university seems to no longer fit into the scale of this revolution, and factors such as the unnecessary and excessive use of natural resources, and Cuba’s new ally, the Soviet Union, which preferred an anonymous pragmatic architecture in stark contrast to architecture inspired by Nature and art were the three architects of the university, causing the work to stagnate and stagnate. They were forced to leave the country. In July 1965, despite the various stages of completion of the project, construction was completely stopped. In later years, the university became a haven for the homeless and destructive, a herd of cattle, and a breeding ground for wild forest plants that covered the entire grounds. In addition, in the 1970s, the surrounding people began to manipulate the site, which resulted in the construction of steel structures and numerous roads and paths that met the realistic needs of the area but disrupted the university’s original plan.
Changes in this trend became apparent in 1999, with the American architect and historian John Lumis publishing a book entitled The Revolution of Forms, which turned the story of the forgotten Cuban University into international awareness. In the same year in Cuba, Jose Villa, director of the National Association of Cuban Writers and Artists, stated that these colleges were the most important works of Cuban architecture. Completing the construction of the university became a national mission and was personally The two Italian architects were again invited to Havana, and at the place where Puro joined them, they discussed in a historic meeting the challenges of resuming their abandoned masterpieces. Renowned architect Norman Foster was invited to design the Ballet School. However, the Cuban government has now halted reconstruction plans due to the global economic crisis. Havana-based architect Maria Loyola is pleased to say of the project: “In most cases, architecture must adapt to human needs. “But in this particular case, human beings have to adapt to architecture.”
The ISA School of Art is one of the most important art schools in Cuba and has a distinctive exhibition space that can well display the art of the Third World. Collectively evaluated and includes art calendars. Cuba’s new art has undergone surveys during the liberation period. Be. The use of performing arts in this country has created a strong economic atmosphere so that people have been able to examine the exhibition policies for this sector. There is a precise approach in the list of specific arts in this country. The country has been able to include the exact position of art. Art schools in Cuba have greatly improved. The artistic atmosphere in this country has been able to have certain effects on traditional handicrafts. It has been studied that art in this country can have strict policies. In the artistic path of this country, a series of schools can be seen that have studied individual arts. The art that is seen in this country about the painting space is evaluated by the government which gives you various loans. The art that is seen in this country about the painting space is evaluated by the government and gives you various loans.