Elysee France – The Elysee Palace, the center of modern French political power, was built in the 18th century to house an aristocrat. This lavish palace has been the official residence of the President of France since 1873. In the early eighteenth century, Paris was developing rapidly and aristocrats sought to build mansions in the suburbs of the capital. Devereux) was built on the outskirts of Saint-Honoré near the Champs-.lysées, hence the name Elysian, where the heroes of Greek mythology lived in the afterlife. After Kent’s death, the complex became the property of the Marquise de Pompadour.
Elysee Palace, France – Elysee France
At the end of the eighteenth century, the palace became a public entertainment hall and therefore surprisingly intact at the end of the French Revolution. This government residence under Napoleon Bonaparte was originally the home of Murat, Napoleon’s sister Caroline’s wife. . After Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he signed the text of his resignation on June 22, 1815, in the Silver Room of the palace. In 1851 he lived in the Elysee. After that, he and Queen Eugene completely rebuilt the palace; Today, most of the decorations on the Elysée belong to that time. In the second period of the French Empire, the Elysee became the venue for most ceremonies. Among the most famous guests to visit the Elysee was Queen Eugene and her mother during her engagement to her marriage, Queen Victoria in 1855, Tsar Alexander II, Sultan Abdulaziz, Emperor Francis Joseph, and King Oscar of Sweden during the 187th World’s Fair. , The viceroy of Egypt and Ibrahim Pasha was mentioned in 1869. As we have said before, many of the Elysée changes belong to this period; At this time, the sides of the palace were built, the porch was restored and turned into a vaulted arch, a ballet hall was added to the palace, and its interior decoration underwent many changes. The Elysee Palace during the Third French Revolution And after Marshall McMahon came to power in 1873, it became the official residence of the French rulers. The Elysée, which was deserted between 1940 and 1946, became the French presidential palace again when Vincent Oriol came to power.
Rooms and halls of the Elysee Palace
The main building of the Elysee Palace consists of two sides. The main door, No. 55 on Feuborg Saint-Honore, opens to the magnificent Court of Honor. The entrance gate, called the Rooster, connects the palace gardens to Gabriel Street, which runs down the Champs Elysees. All the rooms of the palace overlook the surrounding gardens, except for the Hall of Fame, which opens onto the Hall of Fame.
Silver Room – Elysee France
The Silver Room is the official entrance to the private apartments on the east side of the Elysee Palace. The room was decorated in purple and silver, Napoleon’s sister Caroline’s favorite colors. These decorations date back to 1813 but still retain their elegance and beauty. The doors, walls, and furniture of this room are finished in white gold and silver, creating a relaxing atmosphere. Jacob Dismalete made the wooden decorations and furniture for the room. Napoleon signed his second resignation after losing the Battle of Waterloo. This agreement is still seen on the table in this room. His first resignation was signed at Fontainebleau Castle. On December 2, 1851, in the same room, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte announced his intention to stage a coup to gain power.
Throughout its life, it has been the bedroom of the Duchess of Bourbon, Caroline Mora, Napoleon I, the Duke of Berry, and finally Napoleon III. This room has retained its curved walls and is the only surviving room of Napoleon III’s private apartments. French presidents used this room for study during the Fourth Republic, but President Giscard d’Estaing turned it into a real library.
Polan dining room – Elysee France
This room was part of Napoleon III’s private apartment. Fascinated by contemporary art, President Georges Pompidou ordered Pierre Paulin in 1972 to make a dramatic change to the room. Polan made the walls of the room molded with polyester and the ceilings reinforced with aluminum. He eventually decorated the room with two round tables with stained glass on them and aluminum bases. The Elysee Palace dining room has always been a topic of discussion because it has not been able to match the other rooms in the mansion.
The magnificent banquet hall is located on the west side of the Elysee Palace. This local hall is for holding official ceremonies, and dinner parties with the presence of the leaders of important countries and inviting the presidents of other countries. President Carnot inaugurated the hall during the 1889 World’s Fair. In 1984, President Mitterrand ordered 10 French windows to be installed on the south and east walls of the hall to allow more light to enter.
The doors of the banquet hall open to the winter garden; A greenhouse was built-in 1881 to grow foreign plants. This section was completely renovated in 1976 and 1984. On the west wall of the greenhouse, there is a large painted piece to narrate scenes from the Bible. The 19th-century crystal candlesticks in this greenhouse are exactly like the candlesticks in the banquet hall and the room of Napoleon III. A winter garden is now a place for formal meetings and business meetings.
Mora Room – Elysee France
The Mora Chamber has hosted meetings of the Council of Ministers since the presidency of Georges Pompidou. This meeting is held every Wednesday morning around a large table that occupies the entire room. The president sits in the center and the prime minister sits in front of him. The room was decorated for Joaquim Mora, the husband of Napoleon I’s sister. The room features two paintings by Mora by Oras Verne, a painting by Trajan in Rome, and a console table decorated with pottery made in 1819.
Napoleon III Room
The French architect Joseph Eugene Delacroix built the luxurious room of Napoleon III in the 1870s on the site of the former Citadel of the Elysee Palace. Both sides of the ceiling of this room are decorated with a luxurious eagle and the letters RF meaning the Republic of France along with an olive branch. Napoleon III’s room today serves as a conference hall.