French Jean-Marc – Jandarque was a French national hero who was arrested and burned as an apostate after his admirable bravery. Saint Jandarque, or “Miss Orleans”, was born in France in 1412 and died on May 30, 1431. The French national hero was the daughter of a peasant who believed in stepping under divine guidance and led the French army in a major victory against Britain in Orleans, which she intended to conquer during the Hundred Years’ War. He was arrested a year later and burned as an apostate by the British and their French allies. Jean-Marc has since become one of the greatest national heroes of his countrymen, and his achievement has played an important role in the national consciousness of France. Jean was the daughter of a farmer in Domremy. In his mission to confront the British and their bourgeois allies, he felt guided by the voices of saints such as “St. Michael”, “St. Catherine” and “Margaret Antiochus”. She admired the mental and physical courage as well as the personality traits of the enlightened women of her day. These traits included piety, claiming a direct relationship with the saints, and relying on personal experience of the presence of God that went beyond what the pastors and the church had said.
Jandarak Mission – French Jean-Marc
At that time there was a dispute between Charles VII, Charles VI, and Henry VI of England over the rule of France. The armies of art were allied with the Duke of Burgundy and occupied much of the north. Charles VII’s apparent frustration multiplied at the end of 1427 because, five years after his father’s death, he had not yet ascended the throne, and the traditional place for delegating the kings of France was in the occupied territories. The village of Jandarak was located on the border between occupied France and the Free Zone. Residents were forced to flee their homes before the Burgundian army attacked. Guided by the Saints, John left his village in May 1428 for Vaucouleurs, the closest part of which was loyal to Charles. When he approached the captain there, Robert de Baudrillard, to get permission to join Charles’s army, the captain did not take 16-year-old Jean and his inspiration seriously, and he was forced to return home. Jean returned to Vocolor the following year, and this time his firmness in silence and piety earned the respect of the people and the captain. On February 13, Jandarak left Vukolur in men’s clothing and crossed the enemy-occupied territory with six armed men to reach Shinon. In this area, after a long investigation, Charles provided him with a military.
The French army, consisting of hundreds of men, marched on Orleans in April 1429. The city had been under siege since October 12, 1428, and was almost surrounded by a circle of English men. When Jean and one of the French commanders arrived in a hurry, he was told he would have to wait for reinforcements to arrive. A few days later, when Jean was resting, he suddenly woke up and was inspired to say that he should go and face the English. After arming himself, he moved to the British fort in the east of the city and realized that a contract was being formed. His arrival provoked the French and they were able to conquer the fortress. Two days later, he continued on his way and recaptured the next fort. The British retreated to defend a more important position, but Jean and the army commander advanced and attacked them.
Fall of Jandarak – French Jean-Marc
After such great and miraculous victories, Jandarak became very famous among the French forces. He and his followers escorted Charles from the enemy territory to Ramses by capturing the cities that resisted, and he was finally crowned in July 1429. Jean believed that the French should take advantage of the current concessions and retake Paris, but Charles did not agree, and even his supporters in court warned the king about the dangerous takeover of Jandarak. In the spring of 1430, the king ordered Jean to face the Burgundian army. In an attempt to defend the city and its inhabitants, Jean fell off his horse and was released outside the city gates. The Burgundian army captured him and took him to the castle of “Burrow” in the crowd.
Jandarak: From the wizard to the saint
In the trial that was held for Jean, he had to defend himself against the 70 charges against him. Some of these charges were dressing like men, witchcraft, and atheism. The Anglo-Burgundians wanted to get rid of this young leader and question the credibility of Charles, whose coronation was owed to Jean. Charles did not attempt to negotiate Jean’s release to avoid the accusations. In May 1431, after a year of captivity and death threats, Jean surrendered and in a confession denied any divine guidance. . A few days later, he again disobeyed orders by wearing men’s clothing and was sentenced to death. On the morning of May 30, at the age of 19, Jean was taken to the old Rouen market and burned. Not only did his fame multiply after his death, but even 20 years later a new court was set up by Charles VII to clear his name of these sins. Jandark had gained legendary prestige long before he was canonized by the pope in 1920.
The character and importance of Jandarak – French Jean-Marc
Jandarak’s position in history is out of the question. Perhaps his contribution to the history of human courage is greater than his contribution to the political and military history of France. He was equally victimized in both the French civil war and the foreign war. The liberation of Orléans was undoubtedly a remarkable victory that ensured the loyalty of some parts of northern France, But the Hundred Years’ War continued for 22 years after his death. The motive for Jean’s mission is still unclear, and historians, theologians, and psychologists are still debating it.
Interesting facts about Jandarak
Despite our image of Jandarak as a warrior, he was never active in the war and always worked behind the scenes with the army on war strategy.
Jandarak was eventually arrested on charges of witchcraft and atheism and burned on more than 70 false charges, including wearing men’s clothing and stealing horses.
Some consider Jandarak to suffer from diseases such as epilepsy or schizophrenia because he claimed to see bright lights and hear the voices of angels and saints telling him to fight for France.
Jandarak did not come from any city called “Ark” and was born in the village of Doomrami. Some believe the name goes back to his father’s last name.
Although he did not fight, he was wounded in battle and was once wounded in the shoulder by an arrow that he is said to have done to perform his duties.
It is said that Jandarak was eventually burned for atheism, not witchcraft. At the time, it was believed that virgins like him could not become witches.
After being burned, the British cleaned the coals so that his body could be seen and no one could claim to have escaped. They then set his body on fire again so that it would burn completely and nothing would be left of it.