Gustave Eiffel, famous for his world-famous Paris Tower, was an influential figure in nineteenth-century design. Eiffel was an engineer, architect, and entrepreneur best known for his gift to the cityscape of Paris. Stairs, domes, train stations, and other structures have had a lasting impact on subsequent construction projects and are important examples of nineteenth-century revolutionary design. It is one of the most famous buildings of the modern era. This lattice iron tower with its wide and wide decorative arches, beautiful iron ornaments, and the soft arch of its four main beams, is in pleasant harmony with the symmetry of the view around it. Eiffel himself said of this masterpiece:
“Can anyone think that beauty is not our concern because we are engineers?” Or are we not trying to build a beautiful building apart from high strength and durability? Is not adaptation to unwritten conditions of harmony one of the main functions of power? “There is also a special charm to the grandeur of the building that the usual theories of art do not apply to.”
This harmonic structure is known today as a symbol of beauty and romantic feelings and shows a more intimate aspect of the city of lights. The Eiffel Tower was to be the entrance to the 1900 Paris International Exhibition to mark the centenary of the French Revolution. When the maps of the tower were displayed, the news was not well received. Conservatives feared the tower would overshadow the historic beauty of their precious city. In response, the plans were opposed by a committee of 300 artists led by a prominent architect named Charles Garnier. He sent the signed letter to the Ministry of Labor and the employer of the exhibition, which read as follows:
“We writers, painters, sculptors, architects, and lovers of the pristine beauty of Paris, with all our might and anger, resist the construction of this characterless tower and demon-like the Eiffel …”
Although some people changed their minds after its construction, for many of them, this iron pyramid was still very nasty and unpleasant. The original plans for the tower were drawn by two Eiffel engineers, Maurice Koechlin and ilemile Nouguier, and Gustave Eiffel himself was initially reluctant to do so. However, when further decorations were added to the designs, Eiffel bought the rights to the structural drawings and put the tower in a competition to finalize the design for the entrance structure to the International Exhibition. The vote was the same, and the Eiffel Tower was built over the next two years and finally completed in 1889.
Although this memorial project is a long way from the other works of this professor of engineering, it overshadows all his other achievements and is even more famous than Eiffel himself. The Eiffel Tower was the tallest structure in the world at the time of its construction, forty years after its use of iron and rivets, its distance from the stone architecture that surrounded the city during this period, and its astonishing height. Maintained this record) was considered a revolutionary building. The tower was supposed to be demolished in 1909, but when a radio antenna was added to its top, it survived and became a functional architectural structure.
Gustave Eiffel was born in 1832 in Dijon, France. After studying at the Polytechnic School and the Central School of Arts and Industrial Production in Paris, he began his career in iron construction with a focus on the bridge. He carried out his first large project, an iron bridge, in Bordeaux, as well as many smaller structures before starting his own company. He began working as an independent engineer in 1865. From the late 1860s to the mid-1880s, Eiffel’s landmarks included the Gallery of Machines for the 1867 Paris Exhibition, an arched bridge over the Douro River in Oporto, Portugal, and a dome for the Nice Astronomical Observatory, the Budapest Railway Station, and the Statue of Liberty. The engineer’s second most important project was to hire him to complete the original design of the Statue of Liberty, because the original designer of the monument, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, died suddenly in 1879. The committee chose Eiffel because of its extraordinary understanding of wind pressure. The statue was designed and built-in Paris then dismembered and sent to the United States for installation by the Americans on a pedestal.
Gustav Eiffel structure
Although this great engineer continued his work after the end of the Eiffel Tower, he was never able to compete with his greatest achievement. His last engineering feat was when he contracted to design Panama Canal locks. His work on the canal eventually led to unpleasant consequences in 1888, when the French company Panama Canal stopped paying interest due to his involvement in a financial and political scandal. The now-defunct Eiffel Tower turned its attention to aerodynamics. He had known about this since the construction of the Eiffel Tower. He built the first wind tunnel in his laboratory outside Paris. His experiments had a profound effect on future pilots, including the Wright brothers. In the last years of his life, he turned his attention to meteorology and studied it deeply before his death in 1923. Eiffel’s legacy is not only in the 20 countries where its structures are located but also in the great architectural and scientific developments that Their cause and origin can also be found. His Eiffel Tower became a world-famous symbol and alone can represent the city of Paris. The design of this tower has also inspired later towers.
Gustav Eiffel at a glance
Eiffel was born in 1832 in France.
He was a prominent engineer and an architect.
He is best known for designing the Eiffel Tower.
His second major project was collaborating on the design of the New York Liberty Statue reinforcement.
Apart from these two projects, he has also participated in the construction of various structures in other countries.
The Eiffel Tower was originally intended to be the entrance to the 1900 International Exhibition.
They wanted to demolish the tower in 1909, but with the installation of a radio antenna at the top, it was transformed into a functional structure and survived.
When the plans for the tower were made public, it was strongly opposed by artists and architects.
Opponents feared that the giant tower would overshadow the city’s historic beauty.
After the Panama Canal project scandal, he turned to aerodynamics and had some interesting achievements in his lab that later helped pilots like the Wright brothers.
At the end of his life, he became very interested in meteorology.
Today, apart from the valuable structures he designed, he is also praised for his influence on the development of science.