Helsinki Parliament –
The Helsinki Parliament is located in the capital of Finland, in the Töölö region. The building was designed in a very simple, formal, and classic style and its construction was completed in 1931. In 1923, a competition was held to select a suitable area for the Finnish Parliament. As a result of this competition, they chose a hill next to the present-day “Mannerheimintie” to build the building. The architectural competition of 1924 ended with the victory of a design by Borg, Siren, and Oberg. The name of the winning project was “Oratoribus”, which means “for speakers” in Latin. Siren, who was primarily responsible for drafting the plan, also took charge of designing the parliament. The building was built between 1926 and 1931 and was officially unveiled on March 7, 1931. From then until today, and especially during the “Winter War” and the “Chasing War”, the parliament building has been a stage for many critical moments in the country’s political life.
The architecture of the Helsinki Parliament Building
Siren designed the parliament building in a simple and classic way. His design was a fusion of neoclassical style and early twentieth-century modernism. The simplified combination of columns and railings and the overall simplicity of the building plan have a special glory and order. The entrance door is designed with fourteen columns and the head of the current style column. The parliament building has five floors and each floor has its own unique design. The floors are connected by white marble stairs. Most important of all for visitors, the lobby will be a luxurious comprehensive room for members and a reception hall known as the Government Hall. Among the building’s later extensions is the library, which was completed in 1978. In addition, a separate office block called the “Small Parliament”, which was completed in 2004 is one of the next structures. On the first floor, the main lobby, reception rooms, newspaper room, information room, document office, messaging center, You will find a reproduction room and a restaurant, and other separate rooms. At both ends of the lobby, marble staircases lead you upstairs. In the center of the second floor or the main floor, you will see the comprehensive room of the members. Its galleries have seats for ordinary people, members of the media, and diplomats. The Reception Hall, Government Hall, Government Hall, Cafeteria, and other functional rooms are on the same floor. On the third floor, there are facilities for the information and media unit, and direct access to the comprehensive gallery newspaper gallery will also be possible. The event log and a number of committees are also in this category. The fourth floor belongs to the committees and its largest rooms are the grand committee room and the finance committee room. The fifth floor includes meeting rooms and offices for parliamentary groups. The offices of the other groups are on the sixth floor, next to the media facilities. Guided tours take place at different times of the day to visit the Helsinki Parliament, and on Tuesdays and Fridays, you can watch a formal session from the public balcony.
The Finnish Parliament House, also known as Adoscontatalo, is not only a meeting place with 200 seats but also a major work of art in the Helsinki capital. It is a square monument built in the classical style – the result of an architectural competition held in 1923 by the Borg-Siren-Aberg architectural firm. Standing on the hill of Arcadia, it turns out that its exterior has a strong but simple geometry, with tall granite and corneal columns. Its overall design looks more practical and industrial than beautiful and artificial, but it shows a style that was very common in the 1920s. It is noteworthy that the building is often made of Finnish materials, such as red Calola granite, which is used in the facade of the building, and its accessories are made of oak, barberry, and walnut shrubs.
Helsinki Central Library, Audi
The ODI Central Library in Helsinki is a 17,250-square-meter public library located right in the center of the city, right in front of the Finnish Parliament building. Opened in 2018, the library has three floors with the ability to optimize energy consumption and is designed by the Finnish architectural firm ALA Architects to be a symbol of national pride in a country that has one of the highest literacy rates in the world. The Udi Library has a stunning and modernist look and is built using local building materials and according to the climatic conditions of the region. The exterior and wooden facade of the building is covered with 33 mm thick Finnish poplar timber so that the curved part of the facade is also covered according to its curvature. This curve extends the building outwards and creates a canopy over the square in front; At the same time, it connects the interior and exterior spaces of the building and provides an indoor space for holding public events in front of the library building. The architects of this project have defined the use of the library on completely separate levels. The ground floor is a public space that leads to the outside space. The upper floor is known as the “Book Paradise” and includes a large and quiet space for reading. On this floor, visitors can enjoy a 360-degree panoramic view of the city center, or take a walk on the terrace overlooking Kansalaistori Square. It is called a “residential bridge”. The materials used in this bridge, which reaches a length of more than 100 meters, are made of steel and its design is such that no pillar or base distorts its visual beauty.
The Oodi Library in Helsinki is known as the giant symbol of Finland’s highest level of global literacy. The ODI Library in Helsinki is more than a place to study books, it is a symbol of national pride in a country with the highest literacy rate in the world. Prominent in central Helsinki, the library was designed by the renowned Finnish architectural firm ALA. Standing in front of the Finnish Parliament building, Audi is a constant reminder of all that the country has achieved. This library is a social place for the general public, which serves as a bridge between education and the people.