History of Belarus
History of Belarus – Belarus is a country that used to be part of other territories and was part of those territories, such as the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Duchy of Polatsk, and the Russian Empire, which eventually became a republic in recent decades. Belarus is a land located in Eastern Europe and far from the sea, and its neighbors are Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, and Ukraine, which have covered this country from all sides. These neighbors have greatly influenced this region throughout the history of Belarus. Minsk is the capital of this country. Belarus is the name given to Belarus in English at the end of the 16th century.
Belarus from the past to the present
The land of present-day Belarus was inhabited by Slavs during the sixth and eighth centuries AD and is still dominated by Slavs. Gradually, these Slavs began to associate with the Varangians and began to think of forming a centralized government. As a result, they created a country called Russia. This newly established territory included most of the areas around Polutsk in the northern part of the country. In the 13th century, the history of Belarus underwent new changes and the land was invaded by the Mongols, which had a very unpleasant effect on the land and its history, after which parts of Russia were occupied by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania included the cities of Vilnius, Carnave, Trakai, and the surrounding areas, however, the Duchy was often at war with the surrounding areas and gained many lands that these conquests in The history of Belarus are well-known. These famous conquests included attacks on the Mongols in the east, Isotonic commanders in the west, and Turks in the south. As a result, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania dominated large parts of Western Europe until the 15th century. It stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. In the 14th century, Vladislav II Jogila became King of Poland as Grand Duke of Lithuania. The king adopted a policy of bringing the Grand Duchy with Poland under the banner of a single government and bringing the duchess with him in a personal union. The new state that was the result of this personal union was created in 1569 AD.
Attractions of Belarus
But the land was divided in 1795. Belarus was under Russian rule until the German occupation of World War I and was part of Russian territory. In the twentieth century, the first signs of independence were seen in Belarus, and as a result, in 1918, the People’s Republic of Belarus was formed and the land officially declared its existence, but this quest for independence and freedom, although it shone, the government was in a hurry. It did not last long, the short life of the People’s Republic of Belarus turned the hopes of the independence activists into despair, and the newly established government of Belarus was overthrown as soon as possible after the withdrawal of the Germans.
Cities of Belarus
A year later, in 1919, Belarus came under the control of the former Soviet Socialist Republic and became the Socialist Republic of Belarus. Russia occupied eastern Lithuania and the occupation of this region marked a new chapter in the history of Belarus. The territory was now annexed to the Socialist Republic of Lithuania-Soviet Belarus. Two years later, in 1921, the Polish-Soviet War ended and the territories of Belarus were divided between Poland and the newly formed Belarus. The German invasion of the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa in 1941 created new conditions for Belarus. As a result of these attacks by Nazi Germany, the territory of Belarus was briefly occupied by the Germans. The occupation of Belarus by the Germans had unpleasant consequences for Belarus and had devastating effects on the land.
Attractions of Belarus
As a result of the occupation, which lasted until 1944, most of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed, a large population of Belarusians died in the Nazi invasions, as well as the occupation of Belarus in terms of Belarus’s internal situation and social conditions. He recorded anomalies in the history of this country and the people of this land suffered a lot. This situation continued until 1971 when the situation of the Belarusian people improved somewhat. After the end of the war in 1945, Belarus was one of the 51 signatories of the United Nations. At this time, Belarus was ready for post-war reconstruction, and after significant efforts to rebuild and restore the country compared to the Soviet Republic, the land experienced significant development. During this period Belarus became the center of construction and development in the western part of the Soviet Union. Jobs increased in the land, and as a result, large numbers of people from the Soviet Socialist Federal Republic moved to the land.
Nature of Belarus
During the reign of Joseph Stalin, the course changed, and with the policy of the Russification of Belarus, the politicians intended to protect Belarus from the influence and interference of Western countries, so they pursued this policy widely and comprehensively. Politics Belarus’s cultural identity was to be radically explored and changed, with Russian elements growing and replacing it, so one of the Russians’ plans was to bring Russian people to the land from various parts of the Soviet Union. Deploy Belarusians and place them in key government positions, as well as hand over sensitive areas to them, and define the language and culture of the Belarusian people in various ways by the policies of the Soviet Union, and all aspects of Belarusian life Soviet policies were limited. With the death of Stalin, his successor Nikita Khrushchev pursued a plan to Russify Belarus. The territory of Belarus suffered a lot from these policies. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, independent states and newly established republics declared independence, and Belarus was one of them.