History of Mexico
History of Mexico – Mexico’s history has a long history that is significant for many people and provides useful information for those interested in history to learn more about the country’s past. The country was initially controlled by the Spaniards, who later seceded and became independent.
History of Mexico
Mexico City, with its capital in Mexico City, is a country in North America bordering the United States and Guatemala. The country has a population of about 127 million. The Caribbean Sea is also located in the southeast of the country. It is the fourteenth largest country in the world and also has a very large population. The language of this country was Spanish, but years later the indigenous language of the Indians became the official language of this country. Mexico has 31 states and consists of a federal part. The first sign of the existence of humans in Central America is related to forty thousand years ago. A great cultural event happened about 9,000 years ago with the planting of corn. Mexico was discovered in the 16th century. The area of present-day Mexico has been inhabited by Indians for nearly 3,000 years and was attacked by the Spaniards in 1519, using a variety of weapons to capture Mexico. In ancient times, Mexico was under the protection of Spain, but in 1810 it separated from Spain and became independent. Mexico’s independence from Spain led to a long war between them and in 1821 that. Mexico became independent, and Iturbe was elected empire. He was ousted two years later, and in 1824 a constitution was drafted to govern the country, naming the United States Mexico.
One of Mexico’s most famous tribes was the Maya, whose cities lay in the woods. The area where the Maya lived and worked was located in the southern part of Mexico and included the whole of Guatemala and Valsalvader. The Maya had their dialects and their language was called Mayan. They also had a special line called hieroglyphics. Today, the Maya have a population of about 7 million people living in the southern part of Mexico. It was also able to create a very large civilization in Central America around 250-900 AD.
As mentioned, Mexico is one of the largest Spanish-speaking countries in the world, with almost more than 30% of Hispanics living in the country. More than half of the people of this country are of white and Indian descent, and the rest are white or Indian. More than 80% of the people of this country are Catholic Christians and the rest are from other branches of Christianity.
Flag of Mexico
The flag was recognized in 1968 as the official flag of the country, which consists of three colors green, white and red, and there is an address in the middle.
The history of Mexico has been able to have a great impact on the art and culture of this country, and its impact on the handicrafts and art of these people has not been ineffective. Throughout history, this country has had various and varied handicrafts, among which can mention pottery, textile weaving, sculpture, mat weaving, leather, etc.
The history of Mexico is a reflection of Spanish civilizations because many of its civilizations entered the country. After all, it was occupied by Spain. After the secession and independence of Mexico, the country tried to achieve a national identity. One of the most famous works of Mexicans was their Mariachi dance, which is one of the traditional dances in which women wear colorful clothes and skirts. They start dancing to happy songs and turn back and forth.
The first human artifacts in Mesoamerica (present-day Mexico) date back 40,000 years. About 9,000 years ago, the ancient Indians began to cultivate corn. This event has been described as a cultural revolution. The evolution of agriculture in Mexico, which began with the cultivation of corn, has been considered by many archaeologists as the source of the formation of more advanced civilizations. These civilizations were created in cities using the line of construction of monuments, astronomical research, mathematics, and reliance on militarism.
For nearly 3,000 years, Eridoamerica and Mesoamerica (one of the earliest sites of human civilization in Mexico) were home to advanced American-Indian civilizations. But in 1519, Indigenous Mexican civilizations were invaded by the Spanish. Using firearms, the Spaniards were able to defeat the Aztec, Maya, and Olmec civilizations in Mexico and conquer the country. They made themselves. The capture of the Aztec capital led to the protection of Mexico in 1535, from which time Mexico became a Spanish colony. In other words, Mexico was the most populous region under Spanish protection. After three decades of Spanish rule, Mexico finally declared independence from Spain in 1810. The Declaration of Independence led to a long period of war between Spanish and Mexican forces. Finally, in 1821, Mexico officially became independent and Iturbide ascended the throne as emperor. Two years later, he was overthrown by revolutionary forces, and in 1824, the constitution was based on the republican system of government in Mexico. The country was also renamed the Mexican Empire to the United Mexican States.
Politics in Mexico
The United States of Mexico is a federation governed by a republic in 1917 under a republican and democratic government. The constitution defines three types of governmental institutions for governing the country: the federal union, the state governments, and the provincial governments.
The federal government is made up of three branches:
Legislature: The Congress of the Union, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The federal law, the declaration of war, the taxation, the approval of the national budget and all international treaties, and the approval of all diplomatic appointments take place in the House of Representatives. has it. The President of Mexico is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Mexican Armed Forces. The President also appoints Cabinet members and other government officials with the approval of the Senate. The president is responsible for enforcing the law and is also constitutionally vetoed by parliament. Judiciary: The Mexican judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court of Justice. It consists of 11 judges approved by the Senate. The president is elected. Other organs of the judiciary that are part of the Supreme Court of Justice include the Electoral Court, the Union, and District Courts, and the Federal Judicial Council.