History of Paris

History of Paris

France

History of Paris

History of Paris – The beautiful city of Paris has gone through ups and downs throughout history to become what it is today. Join us to get acquainted with the most important historical events of this city. Paris is one of the most important metropolises in the world, which is known for its knowledge, innovation, and creativity. In the following, we want to acquaint you with 12 of the most important events and people who played a significant role in shaping Paris today.

Naming the city Paris
The Parisii (Parisii) were a group of Celtic tribes living along the Seine on the island of Ile Dulacite, from which the city of Paris takes its name. In the year 52 BC, the Romans invaded the nation and established a city called Lutetia, or Lutetia, which became the basis of what is now Paris.

Kingdom of Clovis I – History of Paris
“Clovis I” can be considered the first king of France and, in a way, the founder of this country. He changed the hierarchy of the tribes and removed the local leaders. He also united all the people under one ruler and paved the way for an inherited monarchy for his successors. Clovis I’s clever military policies and tactics enabled him to conquer the region of Gaul and to make Paris his capital in 508, after the fall of the Roman Empire.

History of Paris

Construction of Notre Dame Church
The magnificent Church of Our Lady, better known by its French name of Notre Dame, is the finest example of Gothic French architecture and one of the most famous churches in the world. Construction of the Church of Notre Dame began in 1163 AD during the reign of Louis VII and was completed in 1345. The style of this church is far from Romanesque and well reflects the architecture that became popular in France in the 12th century. The French Gothic is known for its pointed arches and suspended backrests, which continued until 4 centuries later. Today, countless buildings of this style can be seen in France that have survived from ancient times; But it is still Notre Dame that is known as one of the symbols of this country.

Enlightenment – History of Paris
Paris is often referred to as the City of Light, not because of the street lighting and famous monuments such as the Eiffel Tower, which shines like a lighthouse at night. The main reason is that in the mid-18th century, philosophers and intellectuals decided to focus on freedom, logic, and progress instead of absolute monarchy and religious persecution, and the city of Paris was the source of this Enlightenment. Writers such as Voltaire and Rousseau were leaders in the movement, covering areas such as economics, science, and the arts; But it was more of a political move. It was this humanitarian tendency that paved the way for the future French Revolution.

French Revolution
The 10 years of war and bloodshed that claimed the lives of thousands of French people ended the reign of Louis XVI and the feudal system, and a republican system was formed under Napoleon Bonaparte. Influenced by the ideals of the Enlightenment, the French people united against the system of government and demanded their social and political rights. Although this process resulted in high casualties and the people did not meet all their demands, the citizens of France showed how national unity could change the fate of their country. The people finally conquered the “La Bastille” in 1789, where the government kept its political prisoners and ammunition. The move was seen as a prelude to the great French Revolution, and until 10 years later, all towns and villages, fed up with the government’s inability to thrive economically, took to the streets in protest. The results of these actions have made the French Revolution one of the most important events in France.

Led by Napoleon Bonaparte
The last years of the French Revolution were led by Napoleon, who finally came to the empire in 1804. During his clever campaigns, he sought to spread the French Revolution and its libertarian ideals to other countries. His numerous actions, including the enactment of the Civil Code or the Napoleonic Code, the popularization of education, religious freedom, the imposition of fair taxes, the launch of new industries, and the rescue of the country from recession, were crucial to the fate of present-day France.

Napoleon Bonaparte

Reconstruction of Paris by Baron Osman
If you enjoy strolling through the beautiful streets of Paris, which are surrounded by a variety of monuments, you owe much of that splendor to Georges-Eugène Haussmann. Napoleon III chose him to renovate the city, and Osman left the stone in his work. The construction of parks, squares, fountains, and sewage drainage, the widening of alleys, and the annexation of suburban areas to the city were just a few of his achievements. Baron Osman demolished medieval neighborhoods inundated with pollution and disease, and many modern buildings were erected during this period, including the Garnier Opera House, Place du Châtelet, and Parc Monso. Monceau) noted that the latter is one of the most beautiful parks in Paris.

History of Paris

Golden Age, Third French Republic

The “Belle Époque” or “Golden Age” as its name implies dates back to the Third French Republic, which began in 1870 in Paris. This period was accompanied by economic, scientific, and technological prosperity, modernization of culture, religious peace, and, in general, optimism and positivism. As a result, an artistic wave emerged, with Paris as its center. The construction of the Eiffel Tower to mark the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, the opening of the Paris Metro, the founding of the Moulin Rouge Club, the beginning of the Impressionist school of painting, and the modernization of literature are some of the achievements that took place during this period.

Holding a world exhibition
During the Golden Age, in 1889, the “Exposition Universelle” or “Expo” was held to mark the 100th anniversary of the conquest of the Bastille in Paris. Reconstruction of the Bastille and the establishment of new buildings such as the Grand Palais and the Petit Palais were among the main goals of the celebration. The most important symbol of the exhibition was the Eiffel Tower, which was considered a symbol of popular resistance and was made of metal to showcase the innovations of a new industrial society.

world war I
With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, many people fled the city to escape enemy bombs, and the government moved its headquarters to Bordeaux, fearing that the German army would conquer or destroy Paris. In addition to the high casualties of the war, many people died due to the flu epidemic, and although the war ended with the victory of France, the country sank into despair.

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