information about Mexico
information about Mexico – The United States of Mexico is located in the southern part of North America. It is the third-largest country in Latin America after Brazil and Argentina. Mexico covers an area of 1,972,550 square kilometers and is almost four times the size of Spain. The common language of the Mexican people is Spanish, and the country has the largest Spanish-speaking population. Mexico has extensive coastlines along the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. The United States and Guatemala are neighbors and share maritime borders with Cuba and Honduras. It has 31 states and Mexico City is considered a separate entity. Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, is also one of the largest metropolises in the world. In 2021, the population of this city reached 12,294,193 people, which is an increase of 0.63% compared to last year. Contrary to popular belief about Mexico, the country is rich in history, tradition, and culture. In many rural areas of Mexico, there are still indigenous people living a life very similar to that of their ancestors. In this article, we will examine the history and geography of Mexico, the culture of the Mexican people, and the economy of this country.
English name: Mexico
Capital: Mexico City
Type of government: Federal Republic
Official language: Spanish
Common languages: Navajo _ Yucatec Maya _ Lacandon _ English
Population: 130,024,777 in 2021
Time zone: (GMT-5)
Country Code: 0052
Website domain extension: .mx
GDP Rank: 15 to 2020
Living in Mexico – information about Mexico
Mexico is the eighth-largest country in the world, about one-fifth the size of the United States. Mexico borders the United States to the north and stretches from South to Central America to the point where it borders Guatemala and Belize. One of the most prominent geographical features of Mexico is the world’s longest peninsula, the 775-mile-long Baja California Peninsula, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California. Mexico is a land of high mountains and deep valleys. There are vast deserts in the north of the country and dense forests cover the east and south. Much of Mexico is covered by mountains. The Sierra Madre Mountains are located in the west and east of the country, as well as small mountain ranges on the Central Plateau. These areas are rich in precious metals such as silver and copper. Southern Mexico has a tropical climate and the northern part is dry. Hence, a large population of the people of this country lives in its central part.
One of the features of life in Mexico is the diversity of the climate. There are areas with hot and humid climates, temperate and dry, mountainous areas, foothills, plateaus, deserts, and coastal plains, all of which have their climatic conditions. But in general, Mexico can be divided into two climatic regions: a temperate region in the north and a tropical region in the south. In the temperate north, temperatures can be hot in summer, often exceeding 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius). In winter, however, it gets significantly colder. In contrast, temperatures fluctuate very little in different seasons in the tropics, with temperatures around 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius) throughout the year.
Although sandy beaches often come to mind when thinking of Mexico, mountainous areas are home to oak and pine forests. More than a quarter of Mexico’s land area is forested, making it the world’s fourth-largest biodiversity. Mexico has the largest number of reptile species in the world and is the second-largest mammal. Mexico ranks fourth in terms of amphibian species and plants. It is estimated that more than 10% of the world’s species live here. Mexico is home to a variety of volcanoes, some of which are active. Popocatépetl and Ixtaccíhuatl (“Warrior who smokes” and “White Lady” in Navajo) are volcanic mountains that sometimes send smoke clearly into Mexico City.
Mexican culture – information about Mexico
Mexico is the product of the rich heritage of Native Americans and three centuries of Spanish rule, so many Mexicans today are Mestizos, meaning that they have a mixture of Native American and Spanish blood. There are several indigenous groups in Mexico including the Nahuas, Otomis, Mayas, Zapotecs, Tzeltal, and Tzotzil. All of these natives are different in terms of cuisine, religion, and culture.
The family is one of the most important elements in Mexican society. Mexicans are very close when it comes to talking, and they find it distant to distance themselves at these times. They attend parties and ceremonies late so this social behavior is part of their culture. Of course, this feature of the Mexican people is affected by heavy traffic in urban areas. Music and dance are very popular in Mexican culture. The Jarabe Tapatio (Mexican Hat Dance) is one of Mexico’s flagship dances, also known as the country’s national dance. From the most remote indigenous village to Mexico City, at least one day a year is dedicated to a big celebration. Among the country’s celebrations is the Mexican Independence Day celebration on September 16. It is the largest Mexican national holiday to liberate the country from Spanish rule. The most important religious holiday celebrated on December 12 is the Feast of Our Lady of Guadeloupe, where people gather at the Church of Guadeloupe in Mexico City. Semana Santa (Holy Week) is the main Mexican holiday celebrating the Resurrection of Christ.
People from all over the world come to Mexico to learn about the country’s cultural diversity, live in the tropics, and enjoy relatively low prices. American tourists make up the largest number of visitors to this country. If you want to experience the vibrancy of the country’s festivals, plan a trip to Mexico. Pottery, embroidered clothing, woolen shawls, and outerwear with angled designs, baskets, and colorful rugs are common in Mexican folk art. Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera are some of Mexico’s most famous artists. Their paintings include vibrant colors and images of life in Mexico.
Economy of Mexico
Mexico is a developing country that is also one of the largest economic and political forces in the region. Mexico is the second-largest economy in Latin America. It has powerful macroeconomic institutions that are also among the 15 largest economies in the world. In 2019, the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) was $ 2.6 trillion. Of course, it produces much less than its main trading partner, the United States. Mexico is the 17th largest exporter in the world. In 2018, the United States accounted for about 80% of Mexico’s exports. Mexico is generally an export-oriented country. Exports have grown steadily over the past decade, except in 2009. This increase in exports is mainly due to the increase in the number of free trade agreements with international countries, which essentially eliminates tariffs between member countries. Metalworking and agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, auto, and aircraft parts, and steel mill products are among the country’s imports. Mexico is the fourth-largest producer of oil in the Americas, producing approximately 2 million barrels per day. It should be noted, however, that tourism is one of the main contributors to the Mexican economy today.