Jacques Louis David Paris

Jacques Louis David Paris


Jacques Louis David Paris

Jacques Louis David Paris – 19th-century painter Jacques Louis David was one of the pioneers of the neoclassical style who helped to end the futility and comfort of the Rococo style. His famous works include “The Death of Mara” and “Napoleon Crossing the Alps”. Jacques Louis David was born in Paris, France; A famous painter who, with his valuable works, brought art back to the classical difficult period. One of David’s most famous works is “Death to Us,” from 1793, which depicts a famous French revolutionary who was murdered in his bathtub. Jacques Louis David died in Brussels in 1825.

The early years of Jacques Louis David’s life
Jacques Louis David was born on August 30, 1748, in Paris. His father was killed when David was only nine years old. Then his mother handed David over to her two uncles to grow up under their care and supervision. Seeing his interest in painting, he sent his uncle David to François Boucher, a prominent painter and one of their family friends. Bushe was a Rococo painter, but the Rococo period gradually gave way to the classical style, so Bushe decided to send David to his friend Joseph Maria Wayne. Wayne was one of the painters who were more neoclassical than Rococo.

The Horatian – David – Jacques Louis David Paris
The young and talented painter enrolled at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture at the age of 18. After several defeats in various competitions, he became discouraged, so much so that in 1774 he tried to commit suicide (apparently by not eating), but in the same year, David finally won the Prix de Rome, a government scholarship that Guaranteed a good commission in France. The scholarship included a trip to Italy, and in 1775 he and Vienna traveled together to Rome, where David studied Italian masterpieces and the ruins of ancient Rome. Before leaving Paris, he declared: “Ancient art will not seduce me. He is very interested in neoclassical ideas that originated in Rome, such as the works of the German painter Anton Rafael Mengs and the historical art of Johann Joachim Winkelmann. “Belisarius begs for charity.” In this painting, he combines his perception of antiquity with the neoclassical style of Nikola Poussin. In 1782, David married Margaret Pickup. Margaret’s father was a very influential building contractor and supervisor of the Louvre construction project. During this period David made great progress and shortly after the creation of his work “Andromache in mourning Hector” in 1784 he became a member of the Royal Academy.

La Défense Paris

David, an emerging figure in the art world
In the same year, David returned to Rome to complete The Oath of Horace, که a work whose visual processing – cool colors, scroll-like composition, and clear lighting – was a clear Rococo style, the dominant style of the time. Appearing in the Paris Salon (the official exhibition of Paris) in 1785, this painting caused a great deal of excitement and witnessed the beginning of an artistic movement that put an end to the watery delicacies of the Rococo period. In the not-too-distant future, this work became a symbol of the end of aristocratic corruption and a return to the patriotic ethics of Republican Rome in France. In 1787, David exhibited The Death of Socrates. Two years later, in 1789, he unveiled the painting “Descendants Bring the Sons of Their Sons to Brutus.” It was during this period that the French Revolution began, and thus his painting of Brutus – the Roman patriot adviser who ordered his treacherous sons to be killed in order to save the republic – and himself gained political significance.

Jacques Louis David Paris

French Revolution – Jacques Louis David Paris
In the early years of the revolution, Jacques-Louis David joined the Jacobin extremist group led by Maximilian de Robespierre. He was an active and political artist who was heavily involved in the revolutionary propaganda of the time. During this period he painted “Joseph Barra”, and sketched works such as “Oath on the Threshold of Tennis” and “The Death of Lopletier de San Fargo”, all of which had revolutionary themes with the concepts of martyrdom and heroism against the core of power. David is best portrayed in “The Death of Mara,” which he painted in 1793, shortly after the assassination of the revolutionary leader, Jean-Paul Mara. This work, which is known as “Bird of Revolution”, is considered a masterpiece of David. According to one modern-day critic, the work is “an impressive testament to the time when a painter’s political ideas are clearly manifested in his work.” Mara became a revolutionary martyr of the time, while this painting called the Republic became a symbol of sacrifice and self-sacrifice. When David was elected a member of the National Convention in 1792, he agreed to the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. In 1793, David, who had gained great power through his collaboration with Robespierre, became the de facto dictator of French art. When he was in power, he closed the Royal Academy (it is not clear whether this was done out of resentment in retaliation for his many years of efforts at the academy or only with the intention of overthrowing the existing system completely).

Years after the revolution

In 1794 Robespierre and his revolutionary collaborators went so far as to silence the counter-revolutionary voices the result was that his power was questioned by the French people. It got to the point wherein July of that year Robespierre was executed by guillotine and David was arrested and imprisoned. He did not defend himself well in court, and throughout the trial, he kept saying to himself that in the future he would “adhere to principles, not human beings.” He was imprisoned twice, the first time in 1794 for four months and a year later for two years. Apparently, he spent most of this time in the not-so-unpleasant Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Two things comforted him during this period. First, he was allowed to paint, and second, his wife, who had left him two years earlier because of his decision to kill the king, has now returned to him in times of distress, and this time, for the second time and forever. got married.

Jacques Louis David Paris

Biography of Jacques Louis David
During his first term in prison, David painted the only view from the prison window, a view of the Luxembourg Gardens. While temporarily imprisoned in another building in Paris, he painted a portrait of himself that remained unfinished. At 46, he looked like a young boy with disheveled hair, brown eyes, and an angry, sometimes anxious, look. David had a tumor on his cheek that he had been suffering from throughout his adulthood, which was said to make it difficult for him to speak and cause him to frown when he spoke. In 1795, Amnesty used the same energy it had for revolutionary policies to teach. After his release, he devoted all his time to teaching. Between drawing the painting “Oath of Horace” and Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he was responsible for training hundreds of young painters from all over Europe. Some of his students later became great masters of painting; Like François Gerard (Gerard), Antoine-Jean Gross, and Jean-Auguste Dominique Angor. The logic of his teaching was that design is the basis of art, and this can be partly due to the overemphasis on a design that characterized European academic painting in the nineteenth century. In the late 1860s, the eminent painter Eugene Delacroix called him the “father of modern schools.” The neoclassical style probably tended to downplay portrait painting because contemporary models lacked the generality and nudity of ancient sculptures. But from the beginning, David painted portraits with extraordinary psychological individuality and solid bodies. David’s most famous work in 1800 was “Portrait of Madame Recamier”, which he left unfinished because the beautiful model of this work, one of the most prominent figures of Paris, could not sit still for hours.

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