Jean-Jacques France

Jean-Jacques France

France

Jean-Jacques France

Jean-Jacques France – Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva in 1712. He was a philosopher, writer, and political theorist whose novels influenced the leaders of the French Revolution. Rousseau’s ideas marked the end of the “age of logic.” He took political and moral thought in new directions. His reforms had a revolutionary atmosphere. His influences could be traced first in music and then in other parts. He also had a profound effect on people’s lifestyles. Rousseau taught parents to pay more attention to their children and to educate them in different ways. In friendship and love, he encouraged the expression of emotions more than polite conservatism and opened people’s eyes to the beauties of nature. Rousseau made freedom a universal dream.

Early years
Rousseau’s mother died in childbirth and was raised by his father. Rousseau’s father had taught him to believe that his hometown was a glorious republic as ancient as Sparta or ancient Rome. Father Rousseau thought just as magnificently about the image he had of himself. After marrying someone above her social status, her troubles began and she was forced to leave Geneva under pressure from the authorities to avoid imprisonment. Jean lived with his mother’s family for six years after that and was constantly ridiculed until he, like his father, fled Geneva at the age of 16 to pursue a more adventurous life. (Savoy) find. Baroness de Warens sheltered him in his home and hired him as his servant. The Baroness helped him so much in his educational development that the uneducated young man became a philosopher, writer, and musician. And trained young Protestant men. His morals always troubled this philosopher, even when he was Rousseau’s mistress; However, this woman had a high taste, intelligence, and energy and awakened these qualities in Rousseau as well. These attributes seemed essential to the conquest of Paris when Voltaire was promoting radical ideas.

Jean-Jacques France

Rousseau moved to Paris when he was 30 and was lucky enough to meet another young man who had come to the capital in search of fame. This young man was Denis Diderot. The two soon became successful at the center of the intellectual group. Rousseau was considered one of the most intellectually original and powerful figures in this group and had an eloquent writing style. Apart from prose, he also wrote for opera and was admired by King Louis XV and the court. In fact, at the age of 37, Rousseau achieved what he called the “Enlightenment.” Didero was in prison at the time for his secular writings. In his “Confessions,” Rousseau wrote in the last years of his life, he concluded that the modern trend had corrupted the people rather than development. Elsewhere he says: The history of human life on earth is a declining history. This work is not considered one of Rousseau’s best works, but its core has overshadowed all his other writings. Throughout his life, he repeatedly came to the idea that people are inherently good but that society and civilization corrupt them. He did not want to conclude that society and civilization were bad, but he wanted to clarify the wrong path they had both taken. This idea was not uncommon in Rousseau’s time. Many Catholic writers have expressed sympathy for the path that European culture has taken since medieval times. Of course, they disagreed with Rousseau on the idea that people are inherently good.

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The beginning of modern philosophy and enlightenment – Jean-Jacques France
Rousseau’s outstanding works were created in the mid to late eighteenth century. On this account, at least in terms of time, he should be called one of the thinkers of the Enlightenment. However, whether Rousseau’s ideas fall within the realm of the Enlightenment or anti-Enlightenment is still debated. The main goal of thinkers was to enlighten philosophy to become independent of tradition, culture, or religion. In other words, it becomes something that any rational human being can accept. In the realm of science, this project is rooted in the birth of modern philosophy, which is largely linked to the seventeenth-century philosopher René Descartes. Descartes was pessimistic about the possibility of discovering the ultimate goal of nature. In one of his writings (Meditations) he claims that the material world is formed by generalization in space and that this range operates under mechanical laws that can only be understood by pure mathematics.

Jean-Jacques France

Nature as the basis of ethics and political philosophy

The field of modern philosophy was not limited to scientific and metaphysical issues. The philosophers of this period also tried to apply a similar method of reasoning to ethics and politics. One of the approaches of these philosophers was to describe human beings in the “state of nature”; In other words, they tried to purify man from all the qualities he acquired as a result of social rules. In this way, they hoped to achieve some inherent human characteristics that are universal and unchanging. If that happened then they would all be in for a rude awakening. Hubb believed that the main motive of human beings was their interests and that their natural state without civilized society was nothing but the war of one person against another. Locke’s view was different, and it was more like an exercise in portraying people’s duties to one another. These obligations were categorized as natural rights, including the right to life, liberty, and property. Rousseau was also influenced by the tradition of modern natural law.

Speech in the field of science and arts – Jean-Jacques France
This was what made Rousseau famous. The Dijon Academy posed the question, “Do the recovery of science and the arts intend to cultivate morality?” Rousseau’s answer to this question was a resounding no. “First Speech” won the Academy Award for Best Article. This is probably the best example of Rousseau as an “anti-Enlightenment” thinker because the Enlightenment project was based on the idea that development trends in fields such as the arts and sciences contribute to the moral purity of each individual, community, and political level.

The last decade of life
In the last ten years of his life, Rousseau wrote more books about his life and sought to absolve himself of the accusations leveled at him. His most important work during this period was “Confessions”, which was based on a similar book of the same title, “St. Augustine”. His other writing was “Rousseau, Judge Jean-Jacques”, written in 1780, to respond to specific accusations leveled against him by his enemies. By replacing the intense emotions of the previous works with gentle and calm lyrics, it can be guessed that he was able to regain his inner peace in the last years of his life.

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