Modern French painter
Modern French painter – Paul Cézanne was one of France’s leading artists, influencing twentieth-century artists and art movements such as Cubism. Paul Cézanne was born on January 19, 1839, in France. This French painter was one of the greatest artists of Post-Impressionism, whose works and ideas influenced the aesthetic development of many artists and movements of the twentieth century, especially Cubism. Cézanne’s art was misunderstood by the public during his lifetime and was considered invalid. His work was rooted in Impressionist tendencies and works, and he eventually questioned all the traditional values of a nineteenth-century painting by insisting on personal expression and the integrity of the painting itself, regardless of the subject.
Elementary life and work – Modern French painter
Cézanne was the son of a bourgeois family. He completed his classical education at Bourbon College and went to law school in 1858 under the tutelage of his father, who was a successful banker and wanted his son to enter the profession. He had no interest in law and decided to pursue an artistic career at an early age. After two years of pursuing her father’s program, Cézanne was allowed to go to Paris to study painting with the repeated support and requests of her mother. Cézanne’s first stay in Paris lasted only five months. His personality instability caused him to become severely depressed after seeing the technical ability of other students at the Swiss Academy. The only reason he stayed for five months was the encouragement of the famous author Emile Zola, who had formed a deep friendship between him and Cézanne in college. After returning to his hometown, he agreed to work at his father’s bank, but returned to Paris a year later, this time with a strong goal of staying. During this training period from 1858 to 1872, Cézanne traveled to his hometown many times.
The early 1860s were an important period of literary and artistic activity in Paris. The conflict between the realist painters led by Gustave Courbet and the Academy’s Bazaar had reached its peak, and because the academy recognized only neoclassical and romantic paintings, their style was not accepted by the general public. The third ordered the opening of the “Deprived Hall” to control the growing strife in art circles. The works of these despised artists were almost entirely condemned by critics, and this led to the cohesion and unity of the revolutionary spirit of these painters. Cézanne, whose tastes had soon changed from academic art, became associated with the group’s most prominent members, such as Edouard Manet, Camus Pizarro, Claude Monet, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edgar Degas. Most of these artists lived their lives in the 1920s and were shaping their personal styles. Cézanne’s friendship with other artists was initially strained by her sensibilities, her arrogance, her shyness, and her changeable mood. However, he was influenced by their revolutionary spirit and tried to combine the effects of Korbe, who pioneered the non-sensory approach to ordinary subjects, with the influences of the romantic painter Eugene Delacroix, whose compositions and emphasis on color were well known.
Impressionist years – Modern French painter
In July 1870, with the start of the Franco-German War, Cézanne left Paris for Provence. He also took his future wife, Marie-Hortense Fiquet. They settled in Estaque, a small village on the south coast of France. There, Cézanne painted landscapes and explored ways to fully represent nature. To do this, he began to use the approach of his Impressionist friends. In January 1872, his wife gave birth to their first son. Shortly afterward, at the invitation of Camus Pissarro, Cézanne moved his family to live in Pontoise. There he seriously studied the techniques and theories of Impressionism. Pissarro was the only one who, despite Cézanne’s tough character, was patient enough to teach him. In 1874, the two carried their canvases throughout the village and painted outdoors. This was still not the case at the time. From this time on, Cézanne devoted himself exclusively to landscapes, still life, and later portraiture. Pissarro led him to use a lighter color palette and showed him how to use the short, sharp brushes that were the main symbol of the Impressionists. Of course, even in this period of Pissarro’s guidance, Cézanne had his own purpose and approach, which was quite different from that of the Impressionists. He paid more attention to the structure of objects in his paintings and used architectural lines and special compositions. In 1874, Cézanne returned to Paris and participated in the first official exhibition of the Impressionists. Although his paintings were the most criticized in this exhibition and in the next exhibition in 1877, he continued his work. Cézanne suffered greatly in the following years because her work was not sold financially. After a while, he lost touch with his friends and became isolated in Paris and his hometown. Even his relationship with Zola ended because of his jealousy of the success of his writings, as well as the anti-social problems and one-dimensionality of his thoughts.
Development of Cezanne cooked style
During this period of isolation, from the late 1870s to the early 1890s, Cézanne developed his mature style. Landscapes from this period, such as the “Stock Sea”, are probably the first masterpieces of Cézanne’s maturity. These landscapes consisted of compositions of calm and wide horizons formed by the multiplication of equal pens. He knew very well how to represent strength and depth in his work. According to Cézanne, she tried to show perspective only through color.
By the end of the nineteenth century, Cézanne’s art was growing profoundly, and its richness of color and compositional skills were considerable. He enabled himself to create a new look. From 1890 to 1905, he painted several masterpieces. He devoted himself entirely to his work, and of course, he spent a lot of time doing so because of his slowness in painting. Cézanne always had difficulty communicating with people, and he was deeply saddened by the death of his mother in 1897, and then left. He distanced himself from his wife and old friends. He became more and more famous as he entered the new century, and because few people saw him, he became something of a legendary figure. Cézanne’s last period of work, the result of her deep meditation in solitude, achieved a high degree of lyricism. He believed that “the landscape becomes human, the mind becomes the mind, the landscape becomes a living being within me.” Cézanne suffered from diabetes for many years, and the disease became more serious in the last years of his life. In October 1906 he contracted a severe cold while working outdoors and died a few days later in his hometown and was buried there.