oldest France city

France

oldest France city

oldest France city – Marseille is the oldest city in France and after Paris, it is the second-largest city in the country and offers a variety of attractions from historical sites to unique beaches. Open for yourself among the popular destinations of tourists. The city is called a bridge between Europe and North Africa, and many Algerian immigrants live in the area. In the following, we want to introduce you to the most famous tourist attractions and sights of Marseille.

1. Notre Dame Cathedral in Notre Dame
Notre-Dame de la Garde (Notre-Dame de la Garde) is the most important building in Marseille and can be seen from afar as it is located on top of the scenic Guard Hill. The current location of this spectacular church was first used as a watchtower, and during the Middle Ages, a pilgrimage church was established in the area. The church you see today dates from 1853 to 1864, with a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary perched on top of its bell tower. For the interior design of this church, neo-Byzantine style architecture has been used and its golden dome and mosaics have been built on dark and light marble arches. Remember to visit the terrace, which has a unique view of the old port and the red roof of Marseille houses.

2. Old port
The “Old Port of Marseille” is where the city of Marseille was founded in 600 BC, and the boats on the “Klank” and “Castle E” depart from this port. This port is surrounded by clear and calm waters and by walking around it, you can feel the Mediterranean atmosphere of this city up close. Many people believe that the best “Bouillabaisse” soup, made from fish, shellfish, and vegetables, can be found in this port. Today, fishing and sport boats operate mostly in the port, and a fish market has been established on the east side. Nearby are the Phare de Sainte Marie, the Musée des Docks Romains and the Monastery of St. Victor.

oldest France city

3. Old neighborhood
The “Old Town”, the “Old Quarter” (Le Panier) or “Panie”, is located on a hill above the old port, and its winding, narrow, steep alleys and colorful houses take you to another aspect of the city. Marseille gets acquainted. This part is the historical and cultural center and the oldest area of ​​the city. Most parts of the site were destroyed during World War II; But the laundry ropes show that some people still live in this part of the city, and art galleries, boutiques, and traditional Algerian food can be found here. Important monuments such as the Dola Major Cathedral, the Old Charity, and the Hôtel de Ville are also located in the area, the last of which dates back to the 17th century, inspired by the common architecture of Genoa. They built Italy.

Napoleon Tomb

4. Dola Major Cathedral
The “Catédrale de la Major” is located in the northwestern part of the old city and is 141 meters long, the largest building associated with the Christian church, built in the 19th century. The church stands out next to the port with its dome-shaped towers that reach a height of 16 meters. This magnificent building was built between 1852 and 1893 and white and green stones were used to build it. The architecture of this church is also an artistic combination of Romanesque and Byzantine styles, and its crypt includes the tomb of the bishops of Marseille.

5. Klank National Park
Just 15 km from Marseille to reach Calanques National Park. The park is located where the shores of the Mediterranean Sea intersect with the mountains of this area and create a unique landscape. Klinik means small bay and the reason for naming it is that the small bays of this place are like gorges that are filled with saltwater and flow slowly into the sea and return in the same direction. Tourists are often amazed by the turquoise blue color of the water, the plant diversity, and the rare animals such as hawks that live in the area. In this area, you can also do various activities such as boating, swimming, kayaking, and rock climbing or use the boat-guided tour.

6. Qalaf
Château d’If is a short distance from the old port and is located on the island of âf, which is also located in the Frioul archipelago. Untouched beaches, turquoise waters, rare species of plants, and limestone cliffs around the area create spectacular views that are well worth a visit. The castle in this area was built by order of the king of “France I” in the 16th century, which was soon turned into a prison. Alexandre Dumas mentions the nature of this area in Kenneth Monte Cristo’s novel.

oldest France city

7. Lonshan Palace

They created the Palais Longchamp, or Luncheon Palace, to celebrate the founding of the Marseille Canal; That is, the waterway that brings water from the Durance River to Marseille. It took almost 30 years to complete the painting and painting of this place, and finally, it was put into operation in 1869. The Museum of Natural History and Fine Arts is also located recently, and part of the area includes the “Park Loneshan”, which is one of the most prominent gardens in France and includes several sculptures and a classic French garden. It is better to visit this place at night, the surrounding lighting enhances its beauty many times over.

8. Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations
Tourists can get useful information about the history of Mediterranean civilizations through the galleries and screens of the Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MuCEM). The latest section of the museum deals with issues such as the Seven Wonders of the World and a variety of other topics. This museum is located in 3 areas of Marseille. Its second center is located in Fort Saint-Jean, which dates back to the 12th century. The third part is located in the “Conservation Center” and deals with the behind-the-scenes of the museum.

9. Old Charity
The “Old Charity” (La Vieille Charité) is located at the top of the old town and dates back to 1640. Marseille City Council decided this year to provide a decent place to live for its poor citizens. A three-story hospital was added to the charity building in 1749 and recently includes a museum. The shrine was also founded in 1707 and is considered one of the best examples of Italian Baroque architecture. The exterior of this charity is a bit more modern and if you look more closely, you will see 2 fish-eating chickens that are feeding their children it is a symbol of charity and caring for poor children.

10. Monastery of St. Victor Marseille
The Abbey of St Victor was originally a small monastery dating back to the 5th century. Built-in honor of St. Victor, the exterior reminds visitors of the atmosphere of medieval castles. Although the church dates back to early Christianity, its minaret-shaped towers date back to the 11th and 14th centuries. The monastery is one of the oldest buildings in Marseille and includes the statue of the Virgin Mary and the tomb of St. Victor.

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