Paris Arc de Triomphe

Paris Arc de Triomphe

France

Paris Arc de Triomphe

Paris Arc de Triomphe – The Arc de Triomphe is one of the most famous historical monuments in the world. The Arc de Triomphe, also known as the Arc de Triomphe, is located in the center of Charles de Gaulle Square, west of The Champs Elysees leads to it; The street that leads to Concorde Square after a distance of two kilometers. Napoleon ordered the construction of this arch in 1806 after winning the Battle of Austerlitz. The gate, which is 50 meters high and 45 meters wide, was designed by Jean-François Teresa Schalgren. The building is located in a circular square that ends in twelve streets. The proximity of the square and the streets has created a star-like shape; That’s why the other name for this field is Etval or the same star. It is impossible to take a tour of France and not see Charles de Gaulle Square in Paris. Construction began on Napoleon’s birthday, August 15, 1806. By the time Napoleon married Austrian Prince Marie Louise in 1810, only parts of the building had been laid. Upon the arrival of the new queen to Paris, a life-size wooden specimen of the Arc de Triomphe was erected, and the façade of this wooden structure was covered with drawings on fabric. The construction of this wooden specimen allowed Schalgren to make small changes in the design of the main building.

Paris Arc de Triomphe

By the time of his death in 1811, only a small part of the structure had been completed. The construction of the building was slower than before after Napoleon abdicated and the Bourbons returned to the throne in 1814. The situation was such that for a long time only a little progress was made in the construction of this building. Finally, in 1823, King Louis XVI ordered the monument to continue to be built. After the conquest of Spain by the French army and the re-establishment of Ferdinand VII as the absolute king, he wanted to continue building the Arch of Victory. The main structure of the building was completed in 1831 and the installation of decorations and sculptures was completed in 1836. It was during the reign of Louis Philippe that the building was completed. He inaugurated the Arc de Triomphe on July 29, 1836. Schalgren built the Arc de Triomphe in neoclassical style, inspired by the Arch of Titus in Rome. The statues depicting the conquests of the revolutionaries and the emperor Napoleon were erected by François Rudd, Jean-Pierre Carto, and Antoine Ettec and placed on top of the four pillars of the Arc de Triomphe. The most famous of these sculptures; is The departure of volunteers in 1792. This work of art created by François River is also known as the Marseille. The other facades of the building are decorated with the letters of hundreds of generals and the battles in which they took part. 284 steps will take you to the top of this building.

Basilica of St Denis 

The elevators only go up to a part of the height and from there you have to use the stairs to reach the top of the building and enjoy the surrounding scenery. One floor below the roof, there is a small museum of the history of the Arc de Triomphe. At the bottom of the arch is the tomb of an unknown French soldier who was added to the building in 1921. A memorial flame has been lit under this arch since 1923 and has been kept lit until today. The anniversary of the end of World War I has been celebrated here since 1918. To this day, the Arc de Triomphe has served as a unique symbol, not only for the people of France but for all the people of the world. The coffins of many French celebrities, such as Victor Hugo and Ferdinand Fuchs, have been placed under the arch for some time before burial. In addition, many victory parades have been held in front of the arch; Whether parades by invading forces such as Germany in 1871 and 1940, or by France and its allies in 1918 after the victory in World War I in 1944, after the liberation of Paris, and finally at the end of World War II in 1945.

Where is the Arc de Triomphe in Paris? – Paris Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe or the Arc de Triomphe in Paris is a magnificent building located on the Place de Gaulle on the west side of the Champs Elysees and is one of the most famous and symbolic buildings in Paris. This building has been located in this place for about 200 years and has witnessed historical and political developments and events, including the most tragic events. The Arc de Triomphe in Paris is built to commemorate the dedicated French soldiers who lost their lives on the way home during Napoleon’s reign. Today, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Paris, and due to its excellent location, almost all travelers visit it.

Paris Arc de Triomphe

History of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Construction of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris began in 1806 by order of Napoleon Bonaparte. However, the construction and completion of this building took a long time, and finally, in 1836 its construction was completed and the emperor Napoleon, unfortunately, could not see its completion. However, during Napoleon’s funeral, his body was passed under the arch before being taken to his tomb. The Arc de Triomphe in Paris was built in honor of the Grand Army (the name given to the French army during Napoleon’s time). The great French army was an invincible force at the time, and after the victory at Austerlitz in 1805, Napoleon Segund ordered to build of a magnificent arch in honor of his army. The idea of ​​the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, which was inspired by the Arch of Titus in Rome, was thus put forward. However, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris has become much larger and more famous in size and height than its Italian version.

Arc de Triumph – Paris Arc de Triomphe
Inside the walls of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris are the names of more than 600 French generals and other important French personalities and figures during the Napoleonic Wars as well as the French Revolution. The list also includes the great and important victories of the French army (128 victories) in the battles led by Napoleon, engraved on these walls. Keys in French history are the great victory of 1810, the resistance of 1814, the peace of 1815, and the departure of the volunteers in 1792.

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