Paris Eiffel Tower
Paris Eiffel Tower – Whether you are lucky enough to be able to visit Paris or just dream of it, you probably know the most famous place in the French capital, the Eiffel Tower. It was built in 1889 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution and to show the industrial power of the country to the world. The Eiffel Tower is the most important monument that every traveler touring France should visit.
Eiffel Tower, the central core of the exhibition
French urban engineer Gustave Eiffel owes much of his fame to the tower that was named after him. It should be noted, however, that Maurice Coquelin and Emile Nogie made the original designs for the monument. The two, along with Eiffel and a French architect named Stephen Souvester, submitted their design to the exhibition office for selection as the centerpiece of the 1889 World’s Fair. The company’s design won the competition, and construction began in July 1887, but not all Parisians agreed with the idea of a giant iron monument casting a shadow over the city. When construction began on March 2. , A group of 300 artists, sculptors, writers, and architects sent signed letters to the curator of the Paris Exhibition, asking them to stop the project to build this ridiculous tower; The tower looked like a huge black locomotive chimney. But protests from the Parisian art community were met with homelessness. The construction of this tower was completed after two years on March 31, 1889.
Construction of the Eiffel Tower – Paris Eiffel Tower
Each of the 18,000 pieces used to build the tower was individually fabricated, tested, and calculated at the Eiffel plant. This iron structure consists of four huge arched pedestals that are placed on stone pillars and their curvature continues inwards until it finally forms a conical tower. The construction of this tower required 2.5 million thermal rivets and 7300 tons of iron. . To protect the structure against environmental factors, all parts of the tower were painted, which required about 60 tons of paint. The Eiffel Tower has been painted 18 more times to date.
Applications of the Eiffel Tower
After Eiffel won the tower-building competition on March 2, it became clear that the structure was temporary and would have to be dismantled after 20 years, but Gustave Eiffel was not interested in leaving his beloved project unused and unfinished. He came up with the idea of building a tower that would be an essential tool for the scientific community. Just days after the tower reopened, the Eiffel established a meteorological laboratory on the third floor of the tower. He invited scientists to use the lab for their studies in any field. Ultimately, however, it was the tower’s high height that saved it from destruction, not the Meteorological Laboratory. The French army used the tower to communicate wirelessly with ships in the Pacific and to prevent the exchange of enemy messages during World War I. Today, there are more than 120 antennas at the top of the tower that emit waves of light throughout the capital and beyond.
Today’s Eiffel Tower – Paris Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is still the core of the Parisian cityscape. More than 7 million people visit this famous tower every year. Since its reopening in 1889, 250 million people around the world have benefited from the attractions provided by the tower. Found. Tower tours are available for children and tour groups. It is possible to visit this structure 365 days a year, but the visiting time varies according to the different seasons. Visiting is also free from June to September until after midnight. Admission to the tower varies, and visitors can use the tower lifts for an entrance fee.
Facts about the Eiffel Tower that you do not know
It was the tallest man-made structure before the construction of the Chrysler Building in New York in 1930 and the tallest structure in France until the construction of the Army Transmitter in Cesc in 1972.
You can climb to the top of the Eiffel Tower for free, but only after 1700 steps. That’s why most people use elevators.
The Eiffel Tower lifts a distance of about 103,000 kilometers per year, which is equivalent to 2.5 times the circumference of the Earth.
A deceitful artist, Victor Lustig, sold the tower as scrap metal in two separate locations.
In cold weather, the height of the Eiffel Tower decreases by about 15.24 cm. The sun also increases the height of the structure by 6 cm. The tower shakes about 6-7 cm in wind time.
Mr. Eiffel died while listening to Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.
During the German occupation, elevator cables were cut and the tower was closed to the public. Nazi soldiers even tried to install a broken cross on top of it, but because of its size, it was blown away.
The construction of the Eiffel Tower took 2 years, 2 months, and 5 days. In fact, 180 years less than Paris’s other major attraction, Notre Dame.
In 1944, as the Allies approached Paris, Hitler ordered the governor of Paris to destroy the tower along with other parts of the city, but the general refused.
Painting the tower, which is done once every 7 years, requires 60 tones of paint.
The tower was erected in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution.
One of the exhibitors at the 1889 International Exhibition was Sir John Bakersoft, Mayor of Blackpool. Surprised by the new attraction, he built a similar tower off the coast of England.
A number of pilots flew under the Eiffel Tower. In 1926, Leon Cole was assassinated after an unsuccessful attempt.
The Eiffel Tower was instrumental in the Allied victory in the First Maronite War of 1914. One of its transmitters jammed German radio communications, preventing them from advancing.
The tower was originally supposed to last only 20 years, but its use as a wireless telegraph transmitter kept it in place longer.
The French carmaker Citroën used the Eiffel Tower as a massive billboard between 1925 and 1934. The name of the company was displayed with a large number of lights on the tower and was registered in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest advertisement in the world.
The French also call this tower the Iron Lady.
The names of 72 engineers, scientists, and mathematicians who helped build the structure are engraved on the tower.
Whenever you want to build an Eiffel Tower for yourself, a logo is designed to do this, which includes 3428 pieces.
20,000 lights are used to illuminate the tower at night.
Pierre Labrick rode down the tower stairs in 1923 by bicycle. He won a bet but was later arrested by local police.
The majority of Eiffel visitors came from France (10.4%), followed by Spain and Italy (8.1% each), the United States (7.9%), the United Kingdom (7.4%), and Germany (5.8%). And Brazil (5.5%).