Pierre Auguste Renoir France

Pierre Auguste Renoir France


Pierre Auguste Renoir France

Pierre Auguste Renoir France – Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born on February 25, 1841, in France. He was considered one of the Impressionist painters. In the mid-1880s, she distanced herself from the movement to adopt a more organized and formal technique for portrait and figure painting, especially on the subject of women.

Early years
Renoir was born into an artisan family. His father was a tailor who had seven children and moved to Paris with his family in 1845. Renoir showed his talent at an early age. His parents soon recognized his abilities and taught him. At the age of thirteen, he started working in a porcelain factory, where he learned how to decorate plates with flower bushes. Shortly afterward, he painted on windmills and cloth panels and even painted religious paintings for churches. His skill and the great pleasure he derives from his work soon convinced him to study painting. In 1862, with the little money he had saved, he took a course in drawing and anatomy at the Bouzar School and a painting course in the studio of Charles Gleyre, a Swiss painter. Although his academic style was not that of Bob Mill Renoir, he nevertheless accepted his master’s methods in order to acquire the basic skills of a painter.

Pierre Auguste Renoir France

Renoir – Pierre Auguste Renoir France
Renoir became closely associated with three students who stepped into the studio a few months later: Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, and Frederic Bazi. All four students dreamed of art that was closer to life and free from past traditions. The common ideals of these four young men soon led to a strong friendship, and some of Renoir’s paintings of these people date back to the same period. At the same time, in another workshop at the Swiss Academy, young artists such as Paul Cézanne and Camus Pissarro had similar concerns. With the help of Frederick Bazi, the two groups communicated with each other.

Communication with the Impressionists
Circumstances encouraged Renoir to strive for freedom and experience in his style. The tradition in painting at that time was that even landscape painting should be done in the studio. In the spring of 1864, four of Glair’s students temporarily went to the Fontainebleau Forest, where they devoted themselves to a direct painting of nature. The grove has previously attracted artists, including Theodore Rousseau and Jean-François Mie. In 1863, Edward Manet took a bolder step: the painting “Lunch in the Meadow” caused a great deal of controversy because the subject matter and the technique used in it emphasized the observation of modern reality and avoided the repetition of the traditional ideal. In the eyes of young artists, Manet’s courage made him the leader of a new movement. Attracted. It took ten years for this movement to take on an independent and distinct form, But 1874 can be called the starting point of modern art.

Nantes France 

Renoir’s work was a complete intellectual and technical illustration of this new approach. Using short, colorful pens, she depicted atmospheric movement, electricity on green plants, and especially light on the skin of young women outdoors. He and his companions put a lot of emphasis on showing light and color naturally and even removed black from their palette, but this goal was met with great difficulty: the group’s drawings, which were far removed from traditional formulas, were constantly judged by judges. The hall passed and it was very difficult to sell them. Despite these constant criticisms, some Impressionists were as well known to the general public as they were to critics. Renoir was distinguished by his interest in the human body; So he was able to receive a commission for portraits and be introduced to the upper-middle class with the help of Georges Charpentier. Most of the subjects were women and children. Renoir had mastered the ability to convey his first visual perceptions. His paintings were full of vitality and emphasized the pleasures of life. In 1879, Charpentier held a private exhibition of Renoir’s work at the Modern Life Gallery.

Pierre Auguste Renoir France

Opposition to Impressionism – Pierre Auguste Renoir France

In 1881 and 1882, Renoir traveled extensively to Algeria, Italy, and Provence. These trips ultimately had a significant impact on his art and life. He was convinced that the systematic use of Impressionist techniques was not enough for him and that the multiplication of short pens of contrasting colors would not allow him to represent the subtle effects of the skin. He also concluded that black does not deserve such rejection and that at certain times it can have a dazzling effect and intensify other colors. During his trip to Italy, he became acquainted with Raphael and the basic rules of the classics: the beauty of the design, and the purity of a clear line to indicate the form and power of delicate painting when used to improve flexibility and body shaping. At this time he also read “Painting Essay” by “Such and Such” and was so influenced by it that he was eventually tempted to break away from the Impressionists. Most of his works from 1883 to 1884 show a new system that historians describe. They are classified as the “Angar period”. Renoir’s experiments in Impressionism were not in vain, as he later acquired a brilliant color palette. His strong reaction against Impressionism lasted until 1890. During these years he made many trips to the south of France. The sunny nature of the area gave Renoir more courage to break away from the group. Of course, he also moved away from classical principles and found the opportunity to instinctively acquire his art instinct. Renoir’s financial situation improved considerably, and in 1890 he married Ellen Sharing. The exhibition organized two years after his work, was a great success and its future was guaranteed. The work of this period of his life is a reflection of new security and confidence in the future.

Recent years
In 1894, Renoir first developed a rheumatic attack. Gradually the number of attacks increased and he spent most of his time in the south of France to help his climate. Around 1899 he took refuge in the small village of Cagnes. In 1907, Renoir settled there permanently, and three years later lost his ability to walk. Although his problems were getting worse day by day, he never gave up painting. When his fingers could no longer move, he continued to work with a brush in his hand. Renoir had the chance to see one of his works purchased by the Louvre in 1919. This is a great honor for any artist. Renoir died at his home in December of that year and was buried with his wife, who had died four years earlier. Apart from the 200 works that Renoir left behind, he can be considered a source of inspiration for many artists. Many later artists benefited from his artistic style and methods.

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