Rococo architecture

Rococo architecture


Rococo architecture

Rococo architecture – Rococo is a developed Baroque style that became popular in the 18th century. This style originated in France and was supported by Louis XV. Rococo sometimes known in the past as Late Baroque and Late Baroque, originated in Paris in the early 18th century. . The name Rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which refers to shell-shaped decorative stonework. The rococo was created in response to the symmetry of the buildings and the heavy and serious Baroque style. Baroque was first used in churches in response to Protestant Reformation to impress its followers, and was heavier than Rococo. It can be said that Rococo is a more secular version of Baroque and its walls, ceilings, and bedspreads are decorated with countless curves based on C and S shapes. Rococo style in Italy was more concentrated in Venice and was especially evident in the large paintings and décor of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Rococo developed rapidly in France and other countries, including Germany and Austria; But its critics criticized the style for its excessive use of embellishments and trivialities, calling it immoral. Rococo eventually largely replaced neoclassical architecture in the late 18th century.

Rococo architectural features
There are many similarities between the Baroque and Rococo styles, and it may be a little confusing to recognize them. One of the main differences between them is the approach of these two styles to symmetry and proportion in buildings. Rococo emphasizes the imbalance and asymmetry of shapes, using many twists and turns and curved lines, and brighter but lesser colors such as white and gold ivory. The furniture of French houses in this period often shows a curved structure, shell-shaped and floral decorations, and they also use porcelain and gold-bronze dishes for decoration. The rococo was mostly related to the aristocracy of this period and the enjoyment of life. . This elegant and beautiful style was supported by Louis XV and Louis XVI, and in fact, its features were in good harmony with the king’s extravagance, which he sees as a prelude to the beginning of the French Revolution. The common thinking in this period was that architecture and affiliations around a person should promote a certain lifestyle or show the values ​​and beliefs of that person. The hall in French means living room and reception, and Rococo halls refer to the central rooms, which are designed in the Rococo style. The theme of the hall is one of the ideas associated with the Enlightenment, which turned the reception rooms into a center for the aristocracy to entertain their guests and have an intellectual conversations with each other.

Rococo architecture

Rococo interior design culminated in the design of its halls. Rococo halls are known for their delicate and intricate patterns, high detail, asymmetry, spiral designs, and golden tones. The Salon de Monsieur le Prince in the Petit Château at Chantilly is a fine example of French Rococo and is decorated by Jean Aubert. The Hotel Soubise lounges by Germain Boffrand in Paris, including the Princess Lounge, are another example of this style, with their wall and ceiling decorations and engravings reflecting Rococo features. Home appliances in the Rococo period weighed less than in previous periods so that they could be easily moved to gatherings. Due to the strength of mahogany, it was widely used in this period and the use of mirrors became very popular. In earlier periods, especially in the Baroque, dark shades and colors were used; But lighter colors received more attention in Rococo.

Rococo style
Rococo also became popular in painting, sculpture, and interior design during the 18th century and had a more playful approach than Baroque. Rococo painted more on subjects such as classical mythology, love, and youth, rather than political themes. Jean-Antoine Watteau is considered to be the first great Rococo painter to have a great influence on later painters of this style, including Francois Boucher. The rococo sculpture also dealt with similar subjects, using light porcelain instead of marble or similarly heavy materials. The sculptor Etienne-Maurice Falconet is considered to be the best choice, he reflects the characteristics of the Rococo well in his works.

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The general features of Rococo architecture can be summarized as follows:

Emphasis on asymmetry
Less connection with religion
Detailed decor
Use of spiral designs and shell-shaped curves
Brighter colors
Rectangular walls
Carving on the walls and using gilding on the top of the building door frame
Rococo style

Rococo architecture

Famous Rococo style architects
Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli was an Italian architect who spent most of his life in Russia. His most prominent works are the Winter Palace (most of which are built in the Russian and neoclassical Baroque style) and the Catherine Palace in St. Petersburg.
Philip de Lange was born in France but was one of the main architects of Denmark and the Netherlands.
Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann was a German architect, and his most famous work is the Dresden Castle, which was rebuilt in the Baroque and Renaissance style. After the great fire of 1685 that engulfed the city of Dresden, he played an important role in the reconstruction of this city.
The Asam Brothers were sculptors, painters, and architects who worked together. The two brothers were able to become one of the most influential representatives of the Rococo style. Their most famous work is the Church of St. John Nepomuk in Munich, also known as the Church of the Assamkirche.
Dominikus and Johann Zimmermann were the brothers of the Bavarian painter and architect, and the Wieskirche is one of their most famous works.

The best examples of Rococo architecture
Countless examples have been made using the Rococo style. Among the most famous of them are the following:

Catherine Palace in Russia
Wies Church in Germany
Jordan Staircase in the Winter Palace
Queluz National Palace in Portugal
Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces in Germany
Chinese House in Potsdam, Germany, combines Rococo decorative features with Chinese architecture.
Golden Gallery on the new side of Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin
Amalienburg is located in the park of Nymphenburg Palace, which is on the list of dream palaces in Germany.
The Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in Germany
Czapski Palace in Warsaw, Poland
Parts of the Palace of Versailles in France with elements of the Rococo style.

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