UAE military power

UAE military power

UAE

UAE military power

UAE military power – The UAE, with its active military involvement in the invasion of Yemen, its military presence in Bahrain, its military presence in the peacekeeping forces in Kosovo, Mali and Afghanistan, as well as its active diplomacy to pressure Qatar, has shown that it seeks to play a greater role. In the developments of the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf, this has various political, security and military contexts, which in this article tries to address its military contexts.
Purchases of weapons and military equipment from Western countries, as the UAE government spent $ 23 billion on military purchases last year as one of the main buyers of American and European weapons.

In recent years, the UAE has sought to increase its military and defense capabilities while purchasing large arms. In an interview with the International Center for Peace Studies, Sajjad Abedi, an expert on security issues, examined the military-defense situation in the United Arab Emirates.

What effect has the modern equipment of the UAE army and various purchases had on its military might and power in the region?

Purchases of weapons and military equipment from Western countries, as the UAE government spent $ 23 billion on military purchases last year as one of the main buyers of American and European weapons. Because the UAE’s high per capita income allows it to have one of the largest military budgets in terms of population in the world. The UAE ranked fourth among arms importers in 1994, after Saudi Arabia, India and China.

The UAE military is estimated at 51,000, of which about a third are foreign nationals. These forces include the National Guard and the Land, Navy and Air Forces, based in Abu Dhabi. The UAE Army is the largest ground force in the south of the Persian Gulf, equipped with French tanks.

UAE military power

UAE military power

The navy used to be small because the main task of the navy was to protect the coast, but the country has decided to expand its navy to deal with the Islamic Republic. Because currently the most strategic military force in Iran is the navy, which, while having the capabilities of asymmetric warfare, has also been able to be present in open waters. Accordingly, the United Arab Emirates has made great efforts in recent years to produce a wide range of ships, including the construction of a special submarine operation ship in the Persian Gulf of the ADSB Shipping Company and also the construction of six warships in cooperation with the Shipping Company C. MN France pointed out.

UAE military power has one of the best-equipped air forces in the Middle East. The backbone of the Emirates Air Force is also the American F-16 multi-role fighter and the French Mirage 2000 fighter. The UAE believes that whatever tensions occur in the Persian Gulf, the UAE will undoubtedly be one of the areas that will be directly targeted, so it is natural that the country will try hard to create an effective umbrella due to its weak air defense. . Of course, the UAE has not been content with just buying interceptor missiles, and in recent years has spent millions of dollars on defense equipment such as reconnaissance aircraft, coastal patrol boats and spy satellites. Accordingly, during the IDEX 2015 Biennial Arms and Defense Equipment Exhibition in Abu Dhabi, the Armed Forces of the Emirate signed a contract with two French companies for the purchase of two ground control and surveillance satellites dubbed “Falcon Eyes”.

UAE military power

The Emirate purchases a wide range of weapons from the United States, including the Patriot Air Defense Missile System, Apache helicopters, C-130 transport aircraft, F-16 fighters, Blackhawk helicopters, and more; But at the same time, France is one of the UAE’s most important arms suppliers. At the same time, the two countries periodically hold joint military exercises.

Finally, in general, the weakness of the UAE’s defense and military structure, like most Arab countries, is its complete dependence on Western countries, especially the United States, and its lack of self-sufficiency, which will cause problems for these countries in the future. In fact, the complexity of defense systems and advanced military equipment is such that the small countries of the Persian Gulf region, especially the UAE, do not have the power to absorb them. The UAE’s main problem in the military sector is the lack of efficient, experienced and indigenous manpower.

Given the efforts of the past several years, what is the level of the UAE’s indigenous potential in the field of military industry and even its exports?

The UAE is a small country that in recent years has invested heavily domestically in several sectors, including military tactical vehicles and light weapons, and has also introduced quality products to the market. NIMR Automotive Company has been successful for several years in meeting the needs of the Armed Forces of the Emirate and the export market, especially in Central Asia, and a wide range of products of this company, from small vehicles for special operations to protected armor, Various are offered.

The NIMR tactical vehicle is one of the UAE’s most successful defense products and has been on the production line since 2005. The car has been exported to Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria and Lebanon. Turkmenistan and several East Asian countries are also among the new customers of this car.

The caracal arms company is another successful UAE experience in the arms market. The company, which was founded with the help of Germany, has established a factory in the United States in recent years, in addition to launching a production line in the UAE, and is one of the best-selling brands in the US civilian market. In 2007, the first products of this company entered the market. Weapons, handguns, assault rifles and sniper rifles are some of the company’s products, all produced in the UAE. At the same time, India is set to produce a 7.62 mm caliber assault rifle model for its armed forces inside India.

The United Arab Emirates, with the help of France and Abu Dhabi, has also set up shipbuilding facilities in the shipbuilding sector, and five of the six Baynunah-class submarines have been built within the UAE itself, as well as the country’s in-house specialists and infrastructure. Be available for production.

The United Arab Emirates was formed in 1971 with the unification of the seven emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Quwain, centered on Abu Dhabi and Dubai; But each of the emirates retained its army until on May 6, 1976, a single army was formed by agreement between the seven emirates. After the influx of oil revenues as well as the commercial success of Dubai, the rulers of the country in 1991 thought about expanding the army and in this regard began to attract manpower and arms purchases.

The UAE has adopted a diversification strategy to purchase arms from countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, France, Turkey, Ukraine and South Africa to prevent unilateral dependence on one country. This strategy has been pursued in the weapons and military equipment used in the air, land and naval forces, for example:

– United States: Advanced F-16 fighter jets, Boeing C-17, Lockheed C-130 transport aircraft, I-64 Apache helicopters, SI-47 Chinook, Yoach-60 Black Hawk, Patriot and Todd missile defense systems, 140 M-ground missiles GM, My Ashkosh, MaxPro and BAE Cayman, HCSW – 2 Taylor;

France: Mirage 2000 fighter, Super Puma and Patner ES helicopters, Lecce tank and Penhard M3 personnel carrier; Russia: Panzer S1 missile defense systems, BHMP-3 armored personnel carrier;

United Kingdom: 101 Scorpion Airborne Tank and training aircraft and submarines;

Turkey: FCV 3 armored personnel carrier;

European Union: Airbus E330 Art;

Romania: Puma Helicopter IAR 330;

South Africa: Howitzer Daniel G6 self-propelled guns.

On the other hand, the UAE has made great efforts in recent years to produce and assemble military industries through sixteen subsidiaries of the parent company of the UAE Military Industries (ADIC), which in recent years has provided some of the needs of the UAE military and most recently It has exported some military equipment to various countries such as Kuwait, Russia and Egypt. Some of the weapons and equipment are:
1. Anigama armored personnel carrier;
2. Jubira rocket artillery;
3. Types of shotguns and combat rifles;
4. Missile launchers in cooperation with Italy and France;
5. Types of UAVs.

UAE military power

Other military activities of the UAE include holding international exhibitions of military equipment called IDEX in Abu Dhabi and the World Aviation Industry Exhibition in Dubai, both of which have a special place in the international arena. Given the UAE’s military development in the areas of air, transport and missiles, it seems that the UAE leaders have defined their security interests beyond their borders, and the effort to establish a military base in Djibouti is in line with this.

Regarding the military power of the United Arab Emirates, it can be said that although this country has become one of the most powerful armies in West Asia with nearly one hundred thousand manpower and advanced military equipment and weapons purchased and produced; But there are also serious doubts about it, some of which are:

1. Incompatibility of military efficiency with military equipment: The UAE Army has not been particularly effective in actual operations due to the military equipment at its disposal, as evidenced by the two-year military presence in Yemen, which resulted in the goals set at the beginning of the operation It is a long way.

2. The prominent role of foreign elements and military: One of the main problems of the UAE army is the prominent role of advisers, specialists and even foreign operational forces in it, which is one of the main shortcomings of this army; Because in times of serious crisis, it is the indigenous forces that are most effective.

3. Non-native military industries: According to some military industry experts, the military products of the UAE are mostly the products of foreign arms companies, which according to the rents of the government of this country produce some of their equipment under the name of the UAE and in The truth is that these interests provide the arms company and are nothing more than a cost to the country.

Equipping the UAE army to balance against the Islamic Republic of Iran, aligning itself with Saudi Arabia in anti-Iranian actions and the efforts of UAE officials, diplomats and lobbyists in creating Iranophobia are signs of the high level of regional competition with the Islamic Republic of Iran This requires serious action by the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The Islamic Republic of Iran must try to respond to the threats of the Persian Gulf region without creating acts of tension and crisis, given its internal and external tools and potentials. Some of these potentials are:

Demonstration of military power: One of the most powerful tools of the Islamic Republic of Iran towards its neighbors is military power. Demonstration of power in the form of military maneuvers in frictional areas sends signals to this country to maintain its level of competition with the Islamic Republic of Iran without causing crisis. To be created.

Trade balance with Dubai: The Islamic Republic of Iran, using its trade tools in the Emirate of Dubai, can widen the gap between the rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and if the officials of the Emirate of Dubai are satisfied with the actions of Abu Dhabi, thereby putting economic pressure on the UAE. Put. It should be noted that most of the hostile actions of the UAE against the Islamic Republic of Iran are by the rulers of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and this emirate does not need a trade balance with the Islamic Republic of Iran due to its oil revenues, but the emirate of Dubai is based on international trade. It suffers greatly from this.

Assistance to Qatar: The Islamic Republic of Iran can provide some of the items needed by the country without entering into strategic discussions by emphasizing the human dimension of politics. In addition to emphasizing international norms such as the territorial integrity of Qatar and the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of countries that prevent any military action against Qatar or encourage a military coup in this country, other actions of the Islamic Republic of Iran can be; Because the possible success of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in aligning Qatar with itself could be a strategic model for Saudi Arabia in other non-aligned countries such as the Islamic Republic of Iran.

In summary, it can be said that increasing the military power of the UAE is one of the key variables in determining the type of foreign policy of this country, and the stronger this factor is, the more active its foreign policy will be in the Persian Gulf region. The security of the countries in the region is endangered.

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