White Russia – Belarus or Belarus is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the north and east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, Lithuania, and Latvia to the north. This country is known in the world for its complex history and beautiful architecture. The capital is Minsk, a modern international city. The first registered reward of this city dates back to 1067. The city has been destroyed over and over again throughout history, so much so that at the end of World War II, it was destroyed. More than 1.9 million people live in this city. Belarus covers an area of more than 207,000 square kilometers and has a population of 10,045,200.
People of white Russia
The people of Belarus are kind and loving. The patience and peace-seeking of the people of this country are evident throughout history and during the wars in which the people of this country were unwittingly involved and sacrificed. The people of this country are hospitable and welcome different nationalities and cultures.
Population of Belarus
Eighty percent of the country’s population is ethnic Belarusian, and the rest are of various other nationalities who have entered the country during different periods. Some of these nationalities have spent several generations in this country. Minority groups of other nationalities living in this country are:
1- Russians: They makeup 8.2% of the population of Belarus and mostly entered this country after the Second World War.
2. Poles: Theymake up 3.1% of the country’s population and live mostly in the western part of the country.
3. Ukrainians: 1.7% of Belarusians are Ukrainians.
4. Jews: The first Jews to enter Belarus were in the 15th century. But then they migrate to Israel and other countries. Jews now make up 0.13% of Belarus’ population.
Other minorities in the country include Tatars, Romans, and Lithuanians
Language in Belarus
Belarusian and Russian are the official languages of the country. Other languages, including Polish, Ukrainian, and Hebrew, are spoken by locals. National and local costumes are still very popular in Belarus but are usually worn at celebrations and festivals.
White Russian handicrafts
The history of arts and crafts in this country is very rich. And many old skills are still practiced in this country. Including knitting, carpentry, and glassmaking. Local dances and theaters are also very popular. Handicrafts of Belarus
The religion of Belarus
There is a great diversity of religions in this country. But Orthodoxy is the country’s main religion, with more than 1,000 Orthodox churches. Many monuments and buildings and architectures are inspired by the Orthodox tradition. Other religions in this country are:
Roman catalogs with over 400 churches
Protestants with more than 500 communities
Jews: With more than 40 Hebrew communities
Islam: with more than 27 communities and 9 mosques
Nature of Belarus
This country has a very green landscape. Natural vegetation covers 93% of the country’s land and 1.3% of the country’s land is covered with green forests. There are 28 types of trees and 70 types of shrubs in the forests of this country. And mostly includes pine, cone, birch, and oak. There are many lakes in the north of the country in the Polesye marshland region along the Pripyat River in the south. Many of the country’s natural areas, which have rareanimalsl and natural species, are protected by environmental organizations. The country has 76 registered species of vertebrates and 300 species of birds.
Some official holidays in Belarus
March 15 is Constitution Day
April 2 is the day of the unification of Russia and Belarus
The second Sunday in May is the day of the national emblem and flag of Belarus
May 9 is Victory Day
July 3, Independence Day
January 1 New Year begins
January 7 Orthodox Christmas
February 23 is the day of the Republicans of Belarus
March 8 Women’s Day
May 1 is Labor Day
November 7, October Revolution Day
December 25 Catholic Christmas
Demography and culture of Belarus
The majority of Belarusians are indigenous Belarusians, who make up 81.2% of the total population of 10293011. Russians are the second most populous group in the country, accounting for about 11.4% of the population. Poles and Ukrainians make up 3.9% and 2.4% of the population, respectively. Common languages in Belarus are Russian and Belarusian, which are both official languages of Belarus. The population density is about 50 people per square kilometer (127 / nbsp & square) and 71.7% of the total population lives in urban areas. Of the urban population, 24% live in Minsk, the national capital and largest city of Belarus. Most of the population, 69.7%, are between 14 and 64 years old. Sixty percent of the population is under the age of 14, while 14.6% are over the age of 65. The average age of the population is 37 years. The average life expectancy for Belarusian citizens is 68.72% per year; It is 63.03% of the year for men and 74.96% of the year for women. Most demographic indicators of Belarus are often similar to those of other European countries, both in terms of negative population growth rate and natural growth. Population growth in 2005 was about 0.06% and the fertility rate was 1.43%. The population is also aging, and by 2050, most of its population will be over 50 years old.
Independence of Belarus
Belarus declared its existence on July 27, 1990, and on August 25, 1991, after gaining its full independence, it officially became the Republic of Belarus. It was around this time that Stanislav President of the Supreme Soviet of Belarus, took over the leadership of Belarus. Declared independent. Until 1994, the country was led by Alexander Lukashenko, who has been criticized by Western governments, human rights watchdogs, and other Western NGOs for its former Soviet-style domestic policies. That there was a movement in Belarus towards reunification with Russia, and finally in November 2005, a draft constitution was submitted to both (President) Vladimir Putin and Lukashenko for approval.
The national emblem of Belarus
After the 1995 referendum in Belarus, the national emblem of the Republic of Belarus replaced the ancient Pahonia emblem, which had been chosen as the symbol of the country for four years after gaining independence from Russia. The national emblem of this country is very much influenced by the official emblem of the Socialist Republic of Belarus, only the color of the ribbon has changed from red to red and green, which originate from the flag of this country, instead of hammers and sickles. Communist slogans on the ribbons, in addition to the acronym for the Soviet Socialist Republic of Belarus, have been removed and replaced by the Belarusian phrase Рэспублiка Беларусь (Republic of Belarus).