World War I
World War I was a major military battle between several countries. This battle took place from 1914 to 1918. Known as the First World War, it is also known as the War of the Ends and the Great War or the Great War. To catch. This war killed and displaced millions of people. It was during World War that chemical weapons were first used. If you are a European tour traveler or you are interested in history, be sure to read this article to the end.
At the beginning of the First World War
World War broke out on July 28, 1914, following the declaration of war by the Austro-Hungarian Empire against Serbia. The battle, which at first seemed like a small conflict between the two countries, spread rapidly. Germany, Russia, Britain, and France soon joined the battle. Their reason for joining the war was to join treaties that required them to defend other countries. The western and eastern fronts quickly opened on the German-Austro-Hungarian border.
Western and Eastern fronts
The first month of the battle consisted of bold attacks and rapid movement of forces on both fronts. On the western front, Germany first attacked Belgium and then France. In the east, Russia launched attacks against Germany and Austria-Hungary. In the south, Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia. After the Battle of Maron on September 5-9, 1914, the western front was fortified in central France and remained so until the end of the war. The eastern fronts also gradually stabilized at one point.
In late 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered into this great conflict after Germany tricked Russia into thinking that Turkey had invaded the country. as a result; Much of 1915 was spent by Allied forces against the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean. At first, Britain and France invaded the Dardanelles in a failed operation. The campaign continued with the British invading the Gallipoli Peninsula. Britain also launched a separate offensive in Mesopotamia against the Turks. Despite British victories in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Gallipoli and the attacks on Dardanelles ended in defeat for Britain.
Battle in embankments
In the middle of World War, in 1916 and 1917, most of the fighting in the west and east took place on embankments. Soldiers fought from inside the trenches dug in the heart of the soil. They attacked enemy forces with machine guns, heavy artillery, and chemical weapons. Millions of soldiers lost their lives in these cruel and brutal conditions, but neither side won a satisfactory victory.
The United States entered World War and Russia left
Despite the stalemate on both fronts in Europe, two very important events took place in 1917 during World War. In early April, the United States, outraged by the attack on its ships in the Atlantic, declared war on Germany. Russia withdrew from the war in November after the October Revolution and the rise of the socialist government.
The end of World War I and the declaration of a ceasefire
Although both sides of the war launched new attacks in 1918 during the ongoing efforts to win the war against each other, both attempts failed. The battle between the weakened forces and the despair of both sides continued until the successive and gradual defeats of Germany and the final retreat of the country to its territory. Meanwhile, the deadly flu outbreak caused great casualties on both sides. Eventually, the German and Austro-Hungarian governments lost control of their armies due to riots within the military structure of this part of the country. World War ended. Germany was the last country to sign the agreement on November 11, 1918. As a result of this agreement, Austria-Hungary was divided into two smaller states, Austria and Hungary. Germany was forced to compensate for the economic losses by accepting the Treaty of Versailles. Under the treaty, Germany lost control of much of its territory and was severely banned from military development.
Germany after World War
Many historians believe that Allied forces overreacted to German punishment and that the strict Treaty of Versailles sowed the seeds of World War instead of strengthening peace. The treaty recognized Germany as the main culprit of World War, and this humiliated the German people. In addition, the treaty left war reparations to Germany, forcing it to bear the financial reparations of the war. In the end, Germany paid a small percentage of the reparations. The country was in great economic trouble due to its involvement in World War, and this time the economic crisis caused severe dissatisfaction in the country. Extremist groups, including the Nazis, took advantage of this humiliation and discontent and took political control of the country in the following decades.
Which countries participated in World War?
World War was fought between the Allied Powers or the Allies and the Central Powers. The main members of the Allies were France, Russia, and Britain. The United States also joined the Allies in 1917. The main members of the central powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.
In which areas did most of the battles of World War I take place?
Most World War battles took place on two fronts in Europe; Western Front and Eastern Front. The western front consisted of long lines of trenches dug from the coasts of Belgium to Switzerland. Most of the fighting on this front took place in France and Belgium. The eastern front was between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other.
How did World War start?
World War started for a variety of reasons, but the excuse for it; The assassination was of the Austrian Crown Prince Franz Ferdinand. Following his assassination, Austria declared war on Serbia. Russia went to war to defend Serbia, its ally. Germany then declared war on Russia to defend Austria. This prompted France to defend its ally; Russia enters the war against Germany. Germany invaded Belgium to reach France, prompting Britain to go to war with Germany. All of this happened in just a few days.